January 19, 2022

Individualism (lat. Individuum 'undivided, individual'), or individual-centeredness, is an individual-oriented line of thought or perspective on various things. The opposite is collectivism. In the sciences, methodological individualism means that individuals are seen as actual actors rather than collectives. Individualism is thus a reductive part of the social sciences. In social philosophy, and especially in ethics, is individualism often? mixed with egoism, which is a different matter. Author Charles Dickens was an example of a classical steep individualist who was also an altruist.


Machan, Tibor R .: Classical individualism: the Supreme importance of each human being. London: Routledge, 1998. ISBN 0-415-16572-5. (In English) Kenny, Anthony (editor): The Oxford illustrated history of Western Philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. ISBN 0-19-285335-X. (In English) Popper, Karl R .: The Open Society and Its Enemies. Princeton University Press, 2020. ISBN 978-0-691-21084-1. (In English) Udehn, Lars: Methodological individualism: background, history, and meaning. New York: Routledge, 2001. ISBN 0-415-21811-X. (In English)


See also

Freedom of the individual

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