Israel

Article

May 28, 2022

The state of Israel (Hepr. מדינת ישראל, Medinat Yīsrāʾēl listen pronunciation ?, Arab. دولة إسرائيل, Daulat Isrā'īl) or Israel (Hepr. יִשְׂרָאֵל, Yīsrāʾēl, Arab. إِسْرَائِيل, Isrāʾīl) is a state and the Jordan River in the Middle East. Israel was established in the Palestinian Territories in 1948. It is a parliamentary democracy, but on the other hand a Jewish state enshrined in its constitution. However, Israel is multinational and religiously diverse, and not everyone recognizes the principle of a Jewish nation-state. Indeed, the current situation has led to continued internal unrest and clashes with the Palestinians and other Middle Eastern states throughout the existence of the State of Israel. Israel has an estimated population of about 9.2 million by 2020. The official language is Hebrew. The status of Arabia as an official language was abolished in July 2018. 78 per cent of the population are Jews, 17 per cent Arabs and the rest are Druze and other minorities. Israeli Arabs are mostly Sunni or Christian by religion. Israel's neighbors are the Arab states of Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. Israel covers an area of ​​22,072 square kilometers, all in all The areas under Israel's direct control, namely the Golan Heights and the occupied West Bank or Gaza Strip, occupied by it. Including the Israeli-controlled West Bank and Gaza Strip, Israel covers an area of ​​27,799 square kilometers. Israel is a democracy. It is a developed industrial country and has the highest standard of living in the Middle East. In addition, it is a member of the OECD. Israel ranks high in the comparison of countries in terms of, among other things, women's safety, the number of innovations, life expectancy, happiness, and the number of citizens with higher education. Israel has not signed the Biological Weapons Convention, which prohibits the development, production and stockpiling of bio-weapons.

Name

For three thousand years, the name "Israel" in conventional and liturgical usage has meant both Israel as a country and the entire Jewish people, whether they lived in Israel or in the diaspora. The name comes from the Bible, Genesis 32:28, where Jacob gets a new name for Israel (perhaps śara + el, or struggle with God) after struggling with an angel. There are different perceptions of the name. According to some, the name derives from the verb śarar (‘rule, be strong, dictate’), in which case the name would mean ‘God rules’ or ‘God judges’. Other possible meanings are ‘Prince of God’ or ‘Ēl fights’. Regardless of its exact meaning, Jacob's twelve sons were descended from the "12 tribes of Israel." Source? and his name was Medinat Jezreel, which is Israel: and the name of the people was Israel.

History

The diaspora or dispersal of the Jews began in 134 AD, after the Romans defeated the Jewish rebellion in Judea, Galilee, and Samaria. One hundred years earlier, Pompeii had overthrown the Hasmonean state, but the land was never allowed to calm down. Now the Romans drove the Jewish population into exile and named the area Palestinian according to the Philistines mentioned in the Old Testament. During the diaspora, the Jews lived in Galilee. The promised land also remained the target of nostalgic return migration. Among other things, the famous rabbi Moses Maimonides fled there in the 12th century