Oriental rug

Article

May 28, 2022

The oriental rug is a hand-woven rug made in the region from Turkey to China. The best known and highest quality oriental rugs are Persian rugs made in Iran. Oriental rugs are usually made of wool, silk and cotton. It can take several years to make one rug by hand. Oriental rugs are usually named after the city around which they were made or the tribes that made them.

History

Because the wool used in carpets decays rapidly in the country, especially old oriental carpets have survived only in exceptional circumstances. The oldest surviving oriental rug is the Pazyrykmat, which was found in a 2,500-year-old South Persian tomb inside a block of ice. This high quality Persian wool rug measures 200 × 183 cm. From 850 BC. reliefs of obelisks are known in Assyria from carpets given to the king as taxes, suggesting a appreciation for the carpets. With the spread of Islam in the 6th century, share. carpets took on a new meaning in Persia as they began to be used as personal prayer trays. Although the Qur’an does not directly require the use of a rug in prayer five times a day, a thick and easy-to-carry wool rug is a good base. Large and magnificent splendid rugs were also used on the floors of large mosques. The golden age of Persian rugs dates back to the 16th century, when Shah Abbas the Great began producing the most glorious rugs for the palaces and mosques of his capital, Esfahan. The famous Ardebil rug, made by Abbas ’father Tahmasp I, considered the most glorious in the world, is housed in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. The hunting rug belonging to the Swedish royal family also dates from this period. In medieval Europe, oriental rugs were not yet known; only carpets were imported into Venice and Genoa that did not compare in quality to the Persians. Even the finest Persian rugs were brought to Europe by Abbas the Great only for royals and princes. It was not until the late 19th century that demand for oriental rugs began to grow strongly in Europe and America. With demand, Western merchants established weaving mills in Persia that produced traditional types of rugs in their region. At the same time, the proportions of the larger rugs changed from the traditional elongated ones to more square ones to match the Western taste. After World War II, the demand for Persian rugs was at its peak, when even ordinary people could afford them. However, with the rise in the cost of living in Iran, carpet production has declined in recent decades and their prices have risen, while production of the most glorious carpets has declined.

Material

Oriental rugs are usually made of wool, or silk and cotton; flax or jute is also rarely used. The fluff is usually sheep wool, sometimes camel or goat hair or silk. You can get especially good carpet yarn from an Asian fat tail sheep. The best Persian villa comes from Kurdistan and Khorasan. Manufacture

Knitting

Initially, the wool is spun into yarn, washed, dried and dyed. Oriental rugs are woven with old-fashioned rugs, which are horizontal for nomads who make small rugs and vertical for permanent tribes. Small rugs are woven by one person and large ones at a time as a work group, often led by a master who is familiar with the pattern used on the rug. Nowadays, however, carpet knitters tend to work independently in front of the model drawing. In Persia and Turkey, rugs are woven by women, men and children alike. In China, children do not weave, but work