The Prime Minister of Japan
January 19, 2022
The Prime Minister of Japan (Jap. Ik 総 理 大臣, Naikaku sōri Daijin) is the head of the Japanese government. The current status of the Prime Minister is defined in the 1947 Constitution. In the past, from the 1880s onwards, the prime minister was directly elected by the emperor, and he did not have to enjoy the confidence of parliament. The Prime Minister is elected from among the Members of Parliament and must enjoy the confidence of Parliament. The Prime Minister is appointed by both chambers. If the election does not fall on the same person, a joint committee shall be set up. If no decision is reached within ten days, a representative of the House of Representatives shall be elected. The Prime Minister must resign if he receives a motion of censure from the House of Representatives, unless the House of Representatives is dissolved within ten days and new elections are held. The prime minister must also resign after each election. A representative of the largest party, which has often been a liberal democratic party, has traditionally been elected prime minister. The Prime Minister's official residence is located opposite the Parliament building. The current building was completed in April 2002.