May 28, 2022

The kitchen is a room or space for cooking. The kitchen in this modern apartment has a fridge, hob, microwave, extractor fan and running hot and cold water for washing dishes and cleaning food. In addition, common equipment in the kitchens includes a dishwasher, freezer and various small appliances such as a blender. The kitchen also has cupboards for storing and drying cutlery and crockery. A baking oven is also possible.

Kitchen types

There are many types of kitchens. The smallest ones cannot accommodate a dining table, so a separate dining area is needed. The dining area may be a living room or a separate dining room. If there is no table in the kitchen, talk about the kitchenette. At its smallest, kitchen functions take place in the kitchenette, which is usually in the same room as one of the living rooms. In large kitchens, the stove with desk may be located in the middle of the room as an island. On the other wall of the bar kitchen, there is an open or openable space between the upper and lower cabinets that connects to the dining area or living room. In the living room / kitchen, the kitchen and the living room are located in the same room, without a partition or cabinet. Sometimes in detached houses an external door is built in the immediate vicinity of the kitchen to facilitate access to the yard. In this case, there is no need to walk around the whole house to pick berries, vegetables and herbs from the vegetable garden, or to serve food on the courtyard side, patio or terrace. The utility room is not a kitchen but rather a utility room.

Kitchen design

The kitchen should be designed so that the stove, water point and refrigerator form a triangle where one side is the same length, clear and no more than four steps. When planning, it is also worth considering a sufficient number of cabinets so that all cutlery has its own place. It is not recommended to place refrigeration appliances and ovens or stoves close together. The space between kitchen cabinets is usually about 45-55 cm, in older kitchens even less than 40 cm. The materials used in the kitchen should be easy to care for and easy to keep clean. Today, kitchens often use a lot of drawer sets that are easy to use and improve the efficiency of cabinets. The use of corner mechanisms also makes sense. Kitchen manufacturers have a number of different mechanisms to make it easier to use cabinets.

History of modern cuisine

The starting point for modern kitchen design is the Frankfurt kitchen, which was designed in Germany in the 1920s to facilitate the household chores of a working housewife and to promote efficient housing production. Its predecessor, as an intermediate stage between a kitchen consisting of loose furniture and open shelves and a fixed furniture kitchen, can also be considered a free-standing, high cupboard in Finland, with a worktop and a space of about 30 cm high between the lower and upper cabinets. In the United States, this type of cabinet was developed by The Hoosier Manufacturing Co. of India. on the basis of a traditional baker's cabinet, and became known as the “Hoosier cabinet.” Alongside the Frankfurt kitchen school, Munich architects also designed social housing in the 1920s, but drew the kitchens larger and connected them to the living room with a glass wall. In this way, the hostess could be in constant contact with the rest of the family while doing kitchen work. In 1930, the Frankfurt kitchen was presented at an exhibition in Stockholm. This began to evolve into the Swedish culinary standard, and after World War II, Frankfurt cuisine seemed to be re-launched in Germany under the name “Swedish cuisine”. Over the last decades of the 20th century, the standard-sized kitchen furniture