The President of the Republic of Korea
November 30, 2021
The President of the Republic of Korea (Hangul: 대통령 대통령; Hanja: 大韓民國 大 統領; Revised Latinization: Daehan Minguk Daetongnyeong) is the Speaker of the National Assembly, Commander of the Armed Forces, and South Korean Head of State under the South Korean Constitution. The 1987 constitution and the reformed presidential election law provide for the direct election of the president. The president is directly elected for a five-year term without the possibility of re-election. If the office of President is vacant, a successor shall be elected within 60 days, during which time the Prime Minister or another member of the Government shall act in the order of precedence prescribed by law. The president resides in Cheong Wa Dae (the "Blue House") and is exempt from criminal liability, excluding rebellion and treason. Moon Jae-in, a former human rights lawyer and chief of staff to former President Roh Moo-hyun, took office as president of South Korea on May 10, 2017, when he was elected with 41.1 percent of the vote. The biggest competitors in the election were the conservative Hong Joon-pyo (24.0%) and the central Ahn Cheol-soo (21.4%).