Coronavirus pandemic in Finland

Article

October 18, 2021

The coronavirus pandemic in Finland in 2020–2021 is part of the global spread of SARS-CoV-2, one of the coronaviruses. The virus causes a disease called COVID-19. By 15 October 2021, there were 149,897 confirmed infections in Finland. At least 5,946 virus variant infections had been detected. The most common of these was the British type B.1.1.7. The other statistics were 1,020 South African types B.1.351 and two Brazilian types P.1 (7.5.2021). Of the patients, 68 were hospitalized, of which 29 were in intensive care. At least 1,051 people have died from the infection. The incidence of cases on 1 May was 57.7 per 100,000 population / 14 days, declining. The proportion of positive cases tested on 30 April 2021 was 1.43 per cent. By 13 September 2021, approximately 72.9 per cent of the population had been vaccinated against coronavirus and 56.4 per cent in the second dose. By 28 April 2021, a total of 767 people had been admitted to the intensive care unit in Finland due to the corona. More than 220 were admitted to intensive care and about 800 to the hospital. Finland was closed by the Emergency Preparedness Act from mid-March to mid-June. The protective measures were successful and the intensive care units were sufficient. The restrictions significantly weakened the Finnish economy. In the late spring, Finland switched to a hybrid strategy: test, trace, isolate and treat. Finland will try to avoid the complete closure of society if the disease situation allows it. The second wave hit in the late autumn. The number of cases and hospitalizations increased slowly from August to around the third week of November. The risk of rapid spread of the disease was high. At the end of November, the disease spread rapidly, especially in the Uusimaa region. The health care system threatened to be overwhelmed. Tighter containment measures were imposed on the HUS area, and a possible contingency law was discussed again. In early January 2021, several European countries panicked about the slow progress of coronary vaccinations. In mid-February, the third wave of coronavirus in Finland rose. On March 1, the government declared a state of emergency, but no emergency law. On March 8, a three-week containment period began in Finland in the areas of the acceleration and spreading phase. The confinement was extended for another three weeks. Restrictions began to be gradually and regionally relaxed in late April, as the disease situation allowed.

Disease

The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, cough, runny nose, tiredness and difficulty breathing. The disease can cause pneumonia in some patients, which can lead to dangerous sudden respiratory distress syndrome. Infection can also lead to multiple organ damage, sepsis, or death from a blood clot. At the end of November, 107 of the approximately 1,700 patients in the HUS area were expected to be hospitalized and 22 in intensive care.

Progress of the situation

At the end of January 2021, the coronavirus was highest in the hospital districts of Helsinki and Uusimaa, Southwest Finland, Northern Ostrobothnia, Pirkanmaa, Northern Savonia, Vaasa and Kymenlaakso. The epidemic is progressing at different rates across the country. At the end of January 2020, a Chinese tourist was diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection while visiting Lapland. The tourist recovered while being isolated in Lapland Central Hospital in Rovaniemi. The first SARS-CoV-2 infection in a Finnish citizen was diagnosed on February 26 in the Helsinki and Uusimaa Hospital District (HUS). The infection had come from Italy. The infections began to spread rapidly in March. Among other things, the Women's Day concert held at the Culture House in Helsinki on March 8, 2020 led to more than a hundred infections. In March, it was estimated that the Finnish health care system would reach its limits. The situation progressed

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