Lapin anemone (Dryas octopetala) is a typical plant belonging to the Lapland anemone genus and the rose plant family that grows in the Arctic or mountain tundra. It forms dense, evergreen vegetations that follow the land. It is the national flower of Iceland and the provincial flower of Swedish Lapland, as well as the emblem of the Northwest Territories of Canada. According to the scientific name of Lapinvuokko, three colder periods, ie dry seasons, have also been named during the melting phase of the last ice age.
The stem of the Lapin anemone is missing at its lower end, and the Lapin anemone is a sparrow that curves along the ground. It forms dense mat-like vegetation by growing branches 20 to 50 centimeters long.
The wintering leaves of Lapinuokko grow at the base as a rosette. They have a rather long stalk. The leaf blade is 10 to 30 millimeters long. In shape they are elongated, oval, nodular, the sides turning downwards. Below the leaves are covered with dense white hair. On the outside they are green and leather. They resemble small oak leaves, hence their scientific name Dryas, which in classical Greek is small oak.
The two-headed flowers are individually 5 to 12 centimeters high at the end of the stalk. They appear during June-July. Vana is covered with fine hair. The flower of Lapinvuoko has eight petals, which is also evident from its scientific species name. The length of the white petals is about 8 to 15 millimeters. The calyx has eight delicate green leaves. There are a lot of stamens as well as sows. The sow is different-leafed.
The fruit of Lapinuoko is a nut. As the seed matures, the mother's body lengthens into a 20-35 millimeter-long flying heron.
Lapin anemone often grows on nutrient-rich mountain fabrics, forming abundant extensive vegetation. On harsher fabrics, it is less successful. It also grows somewhat on rock embankments and gravel. Lapland anemone can sometimes be found in the forest zone as well. Lapinvuokko is a favorite of lime. Lapinvuoko is suspected to be one of the food plants of the mountain rainbow wing (Pyrgus andromedae). The species has been seen to lay eggs in Lapland anemone, but no larvae have been observed on the plant in Finland. Lapland anemone also appears to have its own root fungus, the Lapin anemone (Lactarius dryadophilus).
The Lapwink is a circumboreal species and grows in Scandinavia, Iceland, northern Russia and the Arctic. In Finland, Lapland anemia occurs in Lapland and is common in Käsivarre and Inari Lapland. Occurrences can also be found in the Alps, the Carpathians, the Balkans, the Caucasus Mountains and other mountainous regions. In Britain, it occurs in the Pennines, on Snowdon Mountain in Wales in two places, and in the Scottish Highlands. There is also a deposit in Ireland in Burren National Park. In North America, Lapland anemone occurs in Alaska and in the Rocky Mountains in the area from Canada to Colorado. Numerous subspecies and forms of Lapland anemone are known.
Elsewhere on the topic
Images or other files about Lapinvuokko on Wikimedia CommonsPlant Atlas 2016: Distribution of Lapinvuokko (Dryas octopetala) in Finland
In the traps of Nordic plants: Dryas octopetala - lapin anemone, mountain lap anemone
Blooming Arctic Arctic Center - University of Lapland. Referred on 15.6.2019.
Torturilapinvuokko - Dryas octopetala L. Old Laji.fi. Referred on 15.6.2019.
Siikamäki, Pirkko: The relics of the Kuusamo column after the miracle ice age tell about the past Muutoslehti.fi. 9/6/2017 Referred on 15.6.2019.
Dryas octopetala L. The Flora of Svalbard. Referred on 6/15/2019.