Battle of Leytenlahti

Article

January 19, 2022

The battles of Leyten Bay in the Pacific War in World War II were fought between the United States and Japan on October 20, 1944, east of the Philippine archipelago. The battle that ended in victory for the Allies is one of the greatest historical naval battles alongside the battles of Skagerrak, Lepanto and Salamis.

Name

Despite its name, no part of the Battle of Leytenlahti took place in Leytenlahti. The name of the battle in the texts of the era was "Battle of the Philippines November 24-25, 1944".

Background

During the summer and early fall of 1944, U.S. forces had gained a foothold in New Guinea and the Mariana Islands and conquered the island of Morota and Ulith Atoll. It was next directed to the Philippines, from which both Japan’s home islands and its connections to Southeast Asia could be threatened. In September, it was decided that a landing would be made on 20 October on the island of Leyte, between Samari and Mindanao. The landing was led by General Douglas MacArthur and was conducted by the 6th U.S. Army with the support of Admiral Thomas Kinkaid of the 7th U.S. Navy. Strategic support was also provided by Admiral William Halsey of the 3rd U.S. Navy.7. the fleet included, among other things 16 escort support vessels 6 battleships 10 cruisers3. the fleet included, among other things 17 aircraft carriers 6 battleships 14 cruisers It is noteworthy that more than two years earlier after the Battle of Midway, the United States had two aircraft carriers and no operational battleships.

Military operations

Preparatory Air Combat

On October 10, 3rd Fleet support vessels made a massive attack on the Riukiu Islands. The resulting battles destroyed about a hundred Japanese planes and 21 U.S. planes. The majority of U.S. crews were rescued on-site submarines and at the water levels.12. in October, the U.S. bombed Formosa and the Japanese counterattacked the 3rd Fleet. The counterattacks continued for a few days and severely damaged two cruisers, but the Japanese lost about 500 aircraft, usually with crew.

Landing on Leyte Island

On October 20, the 6th Army landed with the power of four divisions on the island of Leyte without major difficulty and advanced inland. The aircraft of the 7th Fleet support ships supported the attack.

Sea battles

When the landing for the Philippines became apparent, on October 18, the Japanese Navy sent its main forces into battle. The forces consisted of: 3rd Navy from Japan, commanded by Vice Admiral Jisaburō Ozawa Zuikaku, with ten aircraft carriers but only 116 aircraft, east of the island of Luzon 2nd Fleet, with seven battleships, 11 heavy cruisers and 19 fighters, commanded by Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita from Atago, who traveled between Singapore and Sumatra on the Lingga fairway, via North From the Riukiu Islands, the 5th Navy, commanded by Vice Admiral Kiyohide Shiman Nachi, consisting of two heavy cruisers, a light cruiser and nine fighters, passed south into Leyte. . The submarines damaged the aircraft carrier Takao so badly that it had to be sent back, and they also sank Kurita's flagship Atago and the heavy cruiser Maya.

Battle of the Sibuyan Sea

Admiral Kurita's unit arrived in the Sibuyan Sea on October 24th. U.S. support aircraft made several air raids, destroying the battleship Musashi and badly damaging one cruiser that had to retreat. The U.S. assumed the group was destroyed and retreated. Meanwhile, the Americans discovered in the north Ozawa Group l

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