Margarita EE

Article

January 23, 2022

Margaret II (Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid, born 16 April 1940 in Copenhagen) has been Queen of Denmark since 1972. When she ascended the throne, she became the first female ruler of Denmark since Margaret I, who ruled the Union of Kalmar from 1388 to 1412.

Biography

Margaret was born in Amalienborg Castle in Copenhagen, the daughter of King Frederick IX and his wife, Princess Ingrid of Sweden. As the king of Denmark was also the ruler of Iceland, the princess was given the third name in Icelandic, Þórhildur. Margaret was born only a week after Germany conquered Denmark. Margaret was not the heir to the crown at birth, for under the then Danish constitution only a man could ascend the throne. Margaret has two siblings, Princess Benedikte and Queen Anne-Marie of Greece. Since he had no brothers, it was assumed that Frederick IX's younger brother Knud would ascend the throne after the king's death. When Elizabeth II became Queen of the United Kingdom in 1952, the possibility of a female ruler began to be discussed in Denmark as well. On March 27, 1953, a referendum was held to amend the Constitution. According to a printout of the winning vote, a woman can ascend the throne, but only if the ruler has no male descendants. In 2009, the Crown Succession Act was amended again so that the ruler's eldest child, regardless of gender, inherits the crown. As the Danish ruler, Margaret belongs to the Danish National Church. She was confirmed in 1955. The sarcophagus designed for the Queen was completed in 2018. It had been worked for 15 years and cost SEK 29 million. The glass chest is supported by three feet, the number and material of which reflect the composition of the Kingdom of Denmark: granite from Denmark, basalt from the Faroe Islands and marble from Greenland.

Ascension

On her 18th birthday in 1958, Margaret was given a seat on the Council of State (Statsrådet), which she chaired in the absence of the king. After ascending the throne on January 14, 1972, Margaret II became the first monarch under the new law of succession. On 10 June 1967, Margaret married a French diplomat, Count Henri de Laborde de Monpezat (1934-2018), who was awarded the title of Prince of Denmark as the spouse of the heir to the coronation. The couple has two children: Crown Prince Frederik André Henrik Christian (b. 1968) and Prince Joachim Holger Waldemar Christian (b. 1969). The Danish royal family also has their own castle in Cahors, France. Margaret is considered one of the most modern rulers in Europe. She openly allows television interviews and appears in casual wear. After ascending the throne, Margareta adopted the motto "God's help, the love of the people, the strength of Denmark" (Guds hjælp in Danish, Folkets kærlighed, Danmarks styrke).

Interests and privacy

The Queen is a critically acclaimed painter and has organized several exhibitions. Her illustration under the pseudonym Ingahild Grathmer was used in the Danish translation of The Lord of the Rings in 1977 and in a new edition in 2002. She is also said to have contributed to the translation of the book. The queen has also designed clothes. Margaret is a chain smoker. Critics say the Queen’s prominent smoking has been a bad example to citizens. However, the Royal House responded to the criticism by saying that smoking was everyone’s private affair. However, since 2006, the Queen has reduced smoking in public places. In addition to her mother tongue, Danish, Margaret also speaks fluent English, French, German and Swedish.

Gallery

Tributes

Margaret has been awarded the following foreign honors: Liberator Order of San Martín (Argentina) Medal of Honor of the Republic of Austria (Austria, 1964) Order of Leopold (Belg

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