January 19, 2022
Metal music is heavy-sounding rock music, characterized by intense rhythms, the distorting sound of an electric guitar, and often also the gloomy subjects of the lyrics. In many parts of the world, metal music is commonly referred to as heavy metal. Today, the term heavy metal refers primarily to the melodic metal bands of the 1970s and 1980s. The loan word "hevi" is also used in Finland. Accurate timing of the birth of metal music is difficult. The genre evolved in the late 1960s and early 1970s in the United States and England. It has its roots in blues rock and psychedelic rock. Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath and Deep Purple are often mentioned as the first bands to develop metal music. In the mid-1970s, bands like Judas Priest developed the genre further by abandoning its blues roots, and Ronnie James Dio brought medieval knight mythology and demons to metal music, as well as a harshly symbolized devil horn. In the late 1970s and 1980s, bands like Motörhead and Iron Maiden added offensive and speed to the style. With the 1980s, metal music also gained a lot of popularity with bands like Mötley Crüe playing lighter and lighter metal. At the end of the decade, metal music reached a worldwide fan base whose representatives are called heroes. Since the 1980s, metal music has been divided into numerous sub-genres. Bands like Metallica brought highly offensive thrash metal to the mainstream. Underground circles evolved into extreme metal styles, such as death metal and black metal, which have remained subcultural phenomena. In the mid-1990s, the definition of metal music was expanded by new popular styles, such as nu metal, which combines elements of funk and hip hop with metal music, and Metalcore, which combines extreme metal and hardcore punk.