Muhammad ibn Majah


December 8, 2021

Muhammad ibn Majah (824-887) was an imam and Hafiz, a native of Persian Qazvin. He is known from the collection of hadith in the Sunan ibn Majah, which is included in the canonical collection of Islam "six books" (Kutub al-sittah) and thus in the scriptures of Islam.


Muhammad ibn Majah compiled the hadith collection of Sunan ibn Majah, which belongs to the canonical collection of Islam "six books." His collections include Khorasan, Iraq, Hijaz, Egypt, Syria (Sham), Ishafan and Nishapur. Sunan Ibn Mājah contains 37 books, 1560 chapters and 4341 hadiths. Of these, 1339 ("Zawā'id of Sunan Ibn Mājah") are those not found in other collections. Sunan Ibn Mājah contains the most hadiths of all the collections when duplicates are ignored. It also contains some of the most weakened hadiths. The clear style of Ibn Majah and some other factors made him so popular that the collection was accepted as the sixth collection of hadiths among others, even though this did not happen until the last 12th century. Jonathan Brown notes that Ibn Majah’s collection has been constantly criticized in Sunni Islam for its weak hadiths. He believes that the survival of the collection in the canonical spruce is due to its practical value. The six books limited the huge number of hadiths to a manageable number, to which the hadiths of Ibn Majah welcomed an addition of narratives not found in any other collection. Sunni scholars also admit that in the case of Ibn Majah, the benefits took precedence over authenticity. An example of a recognized forgery (maudu ') is the hadith of Ibn Maya praising the excellence of Qazvin, the birthplace of Ibn Maya: Anas ibn Malik said that the Prophet of God said, "The horizons will open to you and you will conquer a city called Qazvin. Anyone who lives there for forty forty nights, in Paradise shall be an abode with golden pillars covered with green chrysolite, over which a ruby ​​dome shall be arched.

See also

Kutub al-sittah


Brown, Jonathan: The Canonization of Ibn Mâjah: Authenticity vs. Utility in the Formation of the Sunni Ḥadîth Canon. Revue des Mondes Muslims et de la Méditerranée, 2011, pp. 169–184. Online version of the article. (In English) Goldziher, Ignaz: Muslim Studies II (Muhammedanische Studien). New York Sate University Press, 1890/1971. Online version of the book. (In English) Keller, Nuh Ha Mim (ed.): Reliance of the Traveler. Revised Edition. The Classic Manual of Islamic Sacred Law "Umdat al-Salik" by Ahmad ibn Naqib al-Misri (d. 769/1368) In Arabic with Facing English Text, Commentary and Appendices Edited and Translated by Nuh Ha Mim Keller. Beltsville, Maryland: Amana publications, 2017. ISBN 0-915957-72-8. Online version of the book. (In English)


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