Nikita Khrushchev

Article

May 28, 2022

Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (Russian: Ники́та Серге́евич Хрущёв, listen to the pronunciation ?; obsolete transliteration of Khrushchev) (April 15 (J: 3 April) 1894 Soviet politician, general and general secretary of the Communist Party, de facto leader of the Soviet Union 1953-1964. He achieved Soviet leadership in the power struggle within the party after the death of Joseph Stalin. He was also chairman of the Council of Ministers from 1958 to 1964. Khrushchev was of Russian descent, but had a warm relationship with the Soviet Socialist Republic of Ukraine.

Biography

Young worker

Nikita Khrushchev was born on April 15, 1894 in the village of Kalinovka, in the Kursk Governorate (now the Kursk Region). His father was named Sergei and his mother Ksenia. At first, the father earned quite well, but gradually the family sank into poverty. The family did not own a farm or a horse. The man who did not own a horse was at the forefront of the social hierarchy of the village. When the prosperity of the family became nothing, it poisoned the members of the family. Ksenia despised her husband and young Nikita didn't respect her either. The mother set high expectations for her son, and Lidia Shevchenko, a teacher at the village school, also expected the son to succeed in his life. For the first time, Khrushchev, a teacher at a village school, saw prohibited subversive material. The pro-school boy opposed his father, who took him out of school first to field work and then to shoemaking. The boy refused to teach shoemaking and the father looked for a place for the son as an apprentice to a warehouse clerk. Khrushchev also refused and said that he would rather run away from home than be in the office of a warehouse clerk. In 1908, Sergei took his son Nikita Juzovka to work. The rest of the family followed later. Juzovka was founded in 1869. The town was named after John Hughes of Wales, who had set up a company to make rails and iron structures from iron mined in the area. The city was renamed Stalin in 1924 and Donetsk in 1961. Many workers were forced to live in extreme poverty in Yuzovka. The barracks housed 50-60 people who did not have running water and not even had their own beds. Workers' homes had derogatory names such as “Kurjala” and “Tappola”. Mortality due to illness and accidents was high, and alcoholism and crime were common. Wages were low. This is only a partial truth in the communist history. By 1913, the miner also began to have the opportunity for social advancement. The number of literate miners had increased, and some of them already owned their homes. The children of the workers went to school, the town began to clean up, there were open-air concerts, vocational colleges, a Jewish school and reading rooms in the summer. The city offered Khrushchev an opportunity for social advancement, and he also seized the opportunity. Around 1912, Khrushchev became interested in politics. He read the Social Democrat newspapers he quoted to his illiterate colleagues. He was regarded by colleagues as a good storyteller and he also reaped a reputation as a female hero. Police became interested in him around 1912, when he collected grants for the relatives of murdered gold miners. More political than Khrushchev was interested in economic prosperity. He bought a watch, a camera, and a new bicycle, which were rare among the workers. He wanted a good house, children, and a wife from a prosperous and civilized family. The latter came true. By 1914 he was a successful and well-paid Metalworker, and had married Jefrosinja Pisarev,