Nobel Peace Prize
The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded for peace work and one of the five Nobel Prizes awarded annually. The Peace Prize is distributed by the Nobel Committee elected by the Norwegian Grand Duchy and is distributed in Oslo.
Nominations for the prize must be submitted to the Nobel Committee by the beginning of February each year. The committee will review the nominees during the spring and compile a short list of tops from which it will select the winner. The persons and entities on the list will not be disclosed and estimates of the current winner will be based on the views of experts and bettors. The names of the laureates will be announced in the same way as other Nobel Prizes in early October, and the laureates will receive their prizes in Oslo on 10 December. The Norwegian Nobel Committee has determined who can submit nominations. These include, for example, members of governments and parliaments from different countries, representatives of the judiciary and universities, and former recipients of the Peace Prize. The value of the Peace Prize in 2018 was approximately EUR 860,000. In addition to the amount of money, the prize includes a diploma and a gold medal with the Latin text Pro pace et fraternitate, for peace and human brotherhood.
Alfred Nobel, the founder, businessman and inventor of dynamite who lived in Paris, hired Bertha Kinsky, a Countess of Bohemia, as his secretary in 1876. Kinsky barely had time to take up the post of secretary when he moved to Vienna and married Baron Arthur Gundaccar von Suttner. Despite brief personal contact, Bertha von Suttner and Alfred Nobel remained friends, and their correspondence lasted until Nobel's death, until 1896. Von Suttner became a leading figure in the peace movement in Austria in the 1880s, and under his influence Nobel decided to foundation his rather large fortune, worth more than SEK 40 million, and ordered a large cash prize to be awarded annually to deserving peacekeepers. Bertha von Suttner received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1905. At the time of Nobel's death, Sweden and Norway were in a state union in which the Swedish government dictated the union's foreign policy and the Norwegian government only Norwegian domestic policy. It is not known why Nobel entrusted the distribution of the Peace Prize to the Norwegians, but according to one story, it was done so that governments would not manipulate the voters of the Peace Prize. In addition, the prize was not awarded in 1918, 1923, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1948, 1955, 1956, 1966, 1967, and 1972. The 1960 Peace Prize, which was not distributed, was awarded in conjunction with the 1961 Peace Prize and the 1976 Peace Prize in conjunction with the 1977 Peace Prize. The UN peacekeeping force received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1988 and was distributed on December 10, 1988 in Oslo. There are about half a million UN peacekeepers in the world from 53 different countries eligible for the award; There are about 20,000 recipients in Finland (who served in UN peacekeeping missions in 1988 or before). President Martti Ahtisaari received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2008. Among the organizations, the International Committee of the Red Cross has received the Peace Prize three times in 1917, 1944 and 1963 and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) twice in 1954 and 1981. The American chemist Linus Pauling 1954. By 2014, 15 women had received the Nobel Peace Prize. In 2021, 329 candidates had been nominated for the Norwegian Nobel Committee, 234 of whom were individuals and 95 organizations. At the peak of 2016, there were 376 nominees. The official lists of nominees for the award have been secret for 50 years. In Sweden, in January 1939, German leader Adolf Hitler was nominated for the Peace Prize. Swedish politician E. G. C. Brandt withdrew the receipts