August 20, 2022

Boxing is a combat sport in which two competitors fight in a ring surrounded by ropes and try to hit their opponent with their fists protected by boxing gloves. The opponent may only be hit with the front part of the fist, not with the open palm or the palm. Hitting the neck, back, kidneys or below the waist is also prohibited. In addition, hitting with an elbow, hanging or holding on to an opponent, hitting, kicking and stepping on the ground are prohibited. A left-handed boxer is called southpaw and a right-handed boxer is called orthodox. Today, the sport has two forms at the competitive level: professional boxing and amateur boxing. Both forms have the same basic rules, but professionals compete without a shirt and helmet. In addition, they fight with thinner gloves than amateurs, which is why a professional match is more focused on the knockout, while an amateur match is more focused on scoring points. Even amateur matches include knockouts. In addition, amateur matches last only three rounds, while in professional boxing a match consists of 4–12 rounds. In amateur boxing, there are three three-minute rounds in a match. The match is supervised inside the ring by the ring judge and outside it by the referees. A boxing match can end in six different ways. The solutions are: points win, in which case the one with the majority of three (in amateur boxing five) judges' votes wins. Today, the most important amateur tournaments use the so-called point machines. When at least three of the five judges press the button to signal a hit simultaneously within 1.2 seconds, the hit is recorded as a point for that boxer. submission win (marked as a technical knockout). victory when the referee stops the match (technical knockout, TKO) win by disqualification (DQ) knockout victory (eng. knockout, KO), when the boxer has been knocked to the ground and cannot continue boxing within 10 seconds. victory by knocking the opponent to the ground three times during one round (technical knockout) In boxing, competitors are defined according to their weight in the series in which they fight. Boxing has generally been considered a fighting and strength sport, but according to Pekka Mäe, it is perfectly described by the phrase technical-tactical physical fighting sport, guided by mental qualities. As a sport, boxing is based on physics, tactics and intelligence. Although boxing may seem to many that it only focuses on the use of the hands, in reality, boxing is a full-body exercise. Footwork and upper body movement play a significant role in boxing, and when punching, the boxer tries to put his whole body's strength behind the punch. In addition, the power of the punch comes primarily from the legs, which is why boxers wear shoes that make the feet stay more firmly on the ground. A boxer's most important training tool is a punching bag.


Early History

Fist fighting is already mentioned in Homer's poems. Boxing was included in the Olympic Games program for the first time in 688 BC. The first surviving rules of boxing are from ancient Greece. There were no rounds in the ancient Greek boxing matches of that time, but the match continued until the opponent gave up or was unable to continue. In the great sports competitions of ancient times, the vast majority of competitors were from rich and prestigious families. Boxing has been widely described in Greek literature, including Homer's Iliad.

The Evolution of Modern Boxing

The first mention of an official boxing match in Britain dates back to 1681, and in 1698 regular bare-knuckle matches began to be organized at London's Theater Royal. The matches were played without gloves and weight classes, and no weather