Pentti Mikael Haanpää (October 14, 1905 Piippola - September 30, 1955 Pyhäntä) was a Finnish writer known especially for his extensive production of short stories. Haanpää wrote about 350 short stories and ten novels published either during his lifetime or later. He was awarded the Pro Finlandia Medal in 1948.
Haanpää was born as the family's firstborn in Northern Ostrobothnia in the then village of Leskelä in Pulkkila (later Leskelä was annexed to the municipality of Piippola) to a socially and literally active family. His grandfather Juho Haanpää was a farmer and a member of parliament who published two books under the name J. Haanpää, The Matin Bend and What is Missing. The father was a merchant Mikko Haanpää, the mother Maria Susanna o.s. Keckman. Haanpää himself acquired a writing habit by writing for Pääsky and later for Nuoreen Voima and Panuu. Haanpää married accountant Alli Karjalainen in 1940. The couple had a daughter, Elsa, in 1945. The marriage was messy in the 1940s, and Haanpää may have had a relationship with Helsinki-based communist Aune Laurikainen, which is clear from later published letters.
Reputation came and went
Haanpää published his first collection of short stories along Maantie in 1925. The reviews were commendable. He was even compared to Aleksis Kive and was considered a great promise of Finnish literature.
However, Haanpää wrote himself with a collection of stories, Field and Barracks, published in 1928. It was based on his military experience. Haanpää's original publisher, WSOY, demanded that the author remove "brutal" passages from the book, but Haanpää refused: "You can't get a more beautiful picture when the model is," he replied. The public outrage caused by the book, especially among the far right, was deep, and the generally conciliatory Mika Waltari even saw the need to publish his own, “more correct” view of the Republican army (Where Men Are Made, 1931). However, already in his time, Haanpää's work also received defenders who praised the realism of the work, such as Huugo Jalkanen (New Finland Evening Magazine), Antero Kajanto (Finnish Social Democrat), author of the Union and nickname H-a in Savon Sanomat. In the light of hindsight, however, Haanpää had outlined the real problems and injustices of the young republic's army.
In the first half of the 1930s, Haanpää diligently commented on the time of scarcity and its phenomena in his works. After Nivala's rebellion, Tulkantajat magazine, edited by Erkki Vala, published the conversations written by Haanpää entitled "Pulamiehet speaks" and "Pulamiehet set off", which led to the accusation of "degrading public authority and legal order". In April 1935, the Turku Court of Appeal fined Haanpää and Vala and lost the relevant issues of Tulenkantajat magazine to the state. He had a hard time finding publishers for his text. Many of his key works were published only after his death. The Witch Circle, written in 1931, which Haanpää has called his best work, was offered by Haanpää to Otava, WSOY and Minerva, although he certainly understood that it would not be published in the 1930s. In 1937, Gummerus from Jyväskylä started publishing Haanpää's works, but only such ones, "that criticism could not see a political statement in them, which is always a matter of consideration for you."
The Raven War returned the value