Swedish

Article

January 19, 2022

The Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish Konungariket Sverige listen pronunciation?) Or Sweden (Swedish Sverige) [vsværjɛ] is a constitutional monarchy in Scandinavia in northern Europe. It shares a land border with Finland and Norway. Sweden is a Nordic industrialized country and a member of the European Union, but it has its own currency, the krona. The country is the third largest country in Western Europe (450,295 square kilometers) and the largest in the Nordic countries (excluding Greenland in Denmark). Sweden has about 10 million inhabitants, so it is also the largest in the Nordic countries. In 2018, one in four (24.9%) Swedish citizens had an immigrant background and almost one in three (32.3%) of the parents had been born abroad. The country's capital and largest city is Stockholm.

History

The Swedish state was formed in the Middle Ages and rose to great power in Europe in the 17th century. However, the country gradually lost the territories it conquered from outside the Scandinavian peninsula in the 18th and 19th centuries, and finally Finland in 1809. Since the early 19th century, Sweden has been neutral and has not participated in the wars in Europe. Sweden has a population density below the European Union average and more than half of the country has forests. Timber, hydropower and iron ore are the backbone of the Swedish economy, and the Swedes have set up many large companies, such as Scania, Volvo, Vattenfall, Ericsson, Ikea, H&M and Skanska. Today, Sweden is a prosperous welfare state that ranks high in several international comparisons, such as economic competitiveness, civil liberties, quality of life and human development. The country has a significant literary tradition and an internationally renowned music industry, and the country’s athletes have been successful in both summer and winter sports.

Name

The name of the country, “Sweden”, was born in the Baltic Finnish languages ​​on the basis of the name of the Roslagen region northeast of Stockholm. Roslagen's name is etymologically derived from the verb Rowing. In the Baltic Sea languages, the name for Sweden has apparently spread during the so-called Viking Age (c. 793–1066). The designation was later returned to Sweden, meaning Russian in the Russian form, from where it has again returned to Finland in the Russian form.

Natural Geography

Sweden covers an area of ​​450,295 square kilometers and is thus the fourth largest country in Europe. Sweden is a fairly long and rather narrow country, with a maximum length of 1,572 kilometers and a maximum width of 499 kilometers. The country is located almost entirely on the Scandinavian peninsula. The shores of Sweden are washed by the Baltic Sea to the east and south and the North Sea to the southwest. The large islands of Gotland and Öland in the Baltic Sea belong to Sweden. In front of Stockholm is an extensive archipelago. About 15 percent of Sweden is located north of the Arctic Circle. Southern Sweden is largely a lowland agricultural area, but more than half of the country's land area is forested. The western part of Sweden is mountainous. The Scandinavians, or the old Kölivuoristo, which runs north-south through Norway, also extend to Sweden in some places, but their highest peaks are usually 1,500 meters on the Swedish side. The highest point is 2,111 meters high Kebnekaise in Lapland. Three major rivers, the Uwegjoki, Tornionjoki and Ångermanjoki, flow into the Gulf of Bothnia. To the south of the mountains is a lake district. The largest of the lakes is Vänern, the third largest lake in Europe with an area of ​​about 5,500 square kilometers. Other lakes covering more than a thousand square kilometers are Vättern and Mälaren.

Climate

Sweden's climate is affected by its northern location and the protection afforded by the Scandinavians in the warm Atlantic

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