November 30, 2021
Swedish Finns (Swedish: sverigefinnar or sverigefinländare) are Swedish-speaking residents of Finnish who speak Finnish and / or Meänkieli as their mother tongue. In a broader sense, the term refers to all those who have moved from Finland to Sweden, which also includes Finnish-Swedish migrants, who number about 170,000. Meänkieli consists of the Jällivaara dialects spoken in Sweden and the Tornio dialects spoken in the western part of the Tornio Valley. However, Sweden considers Meänki to be an official minority language alongside Finnish, among other things. Traces and information on old immigration can be found all over central and northern Sweden. There are already signs of change from the time before the Crusades. In April 2000, the Swedish state recognized Finnish as an official minority language and Finns an official national minority. Swedish Finns' Day is celebrated in Sweden on Carl Axel Gottlund's birthday on February 24. At the beginning of the 19th century, Gottlund made known the oppressed forest Finns living in central Sweden. Incidentally, the Finnish-speaking minority in Sweden has formed mainly as a result of immigration after the mid-20th century. It is estimated that about 220,000 Swedes speak Finnish at the mother tongue level. It is estimated that Swedes account for about a quarter of all emigrants from Finland. However, not all Swedish Finns know Swedish. The term “Swedish-Finnish” can also be translated into Swedish as “sverigefinländare”, which does not refer to a mother tongue or ethnic group. Statistics on Swedish-Finns usually cover this broad group, which includes all those who have roots in Finland, regardless of their mother tongue or ethnic background.