Satan, or the devil, the enemy of the soul, is considered by many religions, especially the Jewish, Christian, and Islamic, to be the adversary of God, the personification of evil that seduces people into sin. The word Satan is also commonly used as a rough curse word.
The word Satan is borrowed from the Finnish language probably from ancient Sweden in the Middle Ages through Christianity. Originally, the word is derived from Hebrew, where the word means opponent. The word has spread through the Bible through Greek and Latin to many languages of the world. Satan has appeared in the Finnish literary language since Mikael Agricola.
Devil can mean either Satan himself, or a little evil creature in the Finnish folk tradition that serves Satan or sometimes less often. There can be many devils in folk tales. Satan also has other names, such as Old Nick, Vihtahousu, Soul Enemy, Mephistofeles, and Lucifer. In the Talmud and some writings of Kabbalah, Satan is called Samael.
In many languages, the word devil comes from the Greek word diabolos (διαβολος), which means adversary or slanderer, and in which the Hebrew rule was translated into the Greek translation of the Old Testament. From this come, for example, the Spanish Diabolo, the French diable, the English devil, and the German Teufel. The designation is due to an excerpt from the book of Isaiah, which actually predicts the overthrow of the king of Babylon and compares him to a "star of fall from heaven." However, Christian theologians have early interpreted this passage to mean Satan and describe how he was cast out of heaven. In the New Testament, the devil is sometimes referred to as Belsebul. This is originally the name of a Canaanite god who means "Baal is Lord," but which the Jews had mockingly twisted into the form of Baal-Zebub, "Lord of Flies."
Satan is also called the Devil in Finland. The word is a quote from the Baltic name of the god of thunder, Perkunas in Lithuania, Perkons in Latvia and Percunis in ancient Prussia. The word, on the other hand, is thought to be a quote from the Germanic languages. However, the god of thunder may also have been called Ilmarinen. The goddess of thunder The devil was considered an idol by Christians and was therefore labeled as an expression of the adversary of the god of Christianity, the Devil. In the older Finnish translations of the 1938 Bible, the word diabolos was translated by the word devil, which was replaced by the word devil in the 1992 Finnish translation. The Greek satan, on the other hand, is translated by the word satan in both the old and the new translations.
Satan in different religions
The Prince of Evil (Angra Mainyu) appears in the Persian Zarathustrian religion and is referred to as “Satan” by Judaism, Christianity and Islam. In Zarathustralism, the Prince of Evil (Angra Mainyu) is portrayed as the twin brother of God (Ahura Mazda). According to this religion, God will overcome Evil as Prince in the final battle with the help of people.
Satan has various roles in the Hebrew Bible, the so-called apocryphal books, and the New Testament of Christians. In the Hebrew Bible, Satan is portrayed as an angel (messenger) sent by God to test mankind. In apocryphal books and