October 18, 2021
In the Köppen classification, a subarctic climate is a climate in which the average temperatures of the four warmest months are all 10 ° C or less and the average temperature of the coldest month is less than 0 ° C. In this case, the subarctic area has forests, cool summers and cold winters. The climate type prevails in the coldest areas of the northern coniferous forest zone and in the birch zone north of it. There are subarctic regions in southern Greenland, Siberia, Alaska and Canada, as well as northern Finland. The subarctic climate is cold or very cold in winter, dry and summer is short and cool. More generally, due to strong temperature fluctuations, the subarctic climate is a subspecies of continental climates. There is extensive permafrost in the subarctic area. A typical subarctic tree species is, for example, larch growing in Siberia. Due to climate change, many subarctic and arctic animals are shrinking their habitats now and in the future as southern competitors displace northern species. A fox displaced by a fox is a typical example of this.