Denmark

Article

January 19, 2022

The Kingdom of Denmark (Kongeriget Danmark) or Denmark (Danmark; [ˈtænmɑk]) is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy in Northern Europe. It has only one land border neighbor, Germany to the south of the country, but it is separated from Sweden only by the narrow Straits of the Sound, over which a road and rail bridge / tunnel connection has been built. Norway is located behind the Strait of Skagerrak to the north of the country. Denmark covers an area of ​​43,094 square kilometers, making it by far the smallest country in the North, if Denmark's Greenland is not included in its area. Denmark has a population of just under six million and is by far the most densely populated of the Nordic countries. The capital of Denmark is Copenhagen. In addition to the actual Denmark, Greenland and the Faroe Islands, which are far apart, belong to Denmark. The Kingdom of Denmark is a constitutional monarchy of three autonomous parts, Greenland, the Faroe Islands and Denmark. Of the three regions, only Denmark belongs to the European Union and Greenland and the Faroe Islands have partial autonomy. Denmark is surrounded by the Baltic Sea to the east and the North Sea to the west. The actual Denmark consists of Jutland bordering northern Germany on the peninsula of the same name, as well as numerous islands, the largest of which are Vendsyssel-Thy, Fyn, Sjælland, Lolland, Falster and Bornholm. Denmark is a very lowland country and the highest point in the country is only 171 meters above sea level. Due to the numerous islands, the Danish coastline is about 7,300 kilometers. Denmark is one of the oldest monarchies in the world, and since 1849 it has been a constitutional monarchy. Denmark is a traditional agricultural country that produces pork and dairy products. It is also highly industrialized, and produces a significant portion of the world’s wind power. Now when? Denmark is one of the most prosperous and developed countries in the world, with a very high level of social security and a very low level of corruption. Probably the best known of the Danish writers is H. C. Andersen.

Name

The Danish name Danmark in Denmark is first mentioned in the old form tanmaurk in the runic stones of Jelling - the town of Jelling in Denmark - erected in the 9th century. However, the name Denamearc was already used by the Norwegian Othere (Ottar) when he visited King Alfred the Great in England in 890. Shortly afterwards, the abbot Regino Prümilainen (died 915) mentioned the name Denimerca in his book Chronica. The name Danmark consists of two parts. Dan refers to the Danes (danir) and the word mark has several different possible meanings. One of them is the “border area”, although it is not known exactly which border area it was referring to at the time. According to one theory, present-day Denmark is perceived as a border region with Sweden. The theory is based on a story by historian Jordanes, who lived in the 5th century, about how the islands of present-day Denmark were inhabited from Sweden. However, Jordanes himself did not use the name Danmark. According to another theory, the name comes from the Franks, who used the term mark from border areas that require special attention. Danmark would therefore have originally referred to the area on the river Eider in southern Jutland.

Geography

Denmark comprises most of the Jutland Peninsula and about 480 islands, of which 74 are inhabited (January 2015). There is no more than 50 kilometers to the sea from anywhere in Denmark. The Jutland Peninsula borders the North Sea in the west, the Skagerrak in the north, the Kattegat in the east and the Baltic Sea. Most of the peninsula belongs to Denmark, the southernmost part to Germany. The most important Danish islands are Fyn and Zealand, located between the straits connecting the Baltic Sea to the Kattegat. These straits are the Lesser Belt between Jutland and Fyn, the Great Belt between Fyn and Zealand and the Øresund between Zealand and mainland Sweden. Bridges now lead over all these straits. V

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