Babyhood

Article

August 20, 2022

Infancy is a person's first age and year of life, when he grows and develops more than ever in the same period of time in his later life. At this stage, the child is completely dependent on the help of others. Infant is a Finnish legal term that means a child under 12 months old. In everyday speech, a child of the same age would be called a baby. The term "infant" appears in several Finnish regulations and ministerial decisions. Infant is also used when talking about young mammals. source?

Social Development

Humans are active and social from birth. Before the development of speech, babies express themselves and express their needs and feelings first by crying and otherwise vocalizing, whining and kicking, and later also by means of other gestures, such as smiling and pointing. Crying is a baby's way of communicating that everything is not well. Even a one-month-old baby observes its surroundings and its parents and can imitate facial expressions. The baby senses the parent's emotional states and reacts to them. Interaction skills develop only in a reciprocal relationship, for this reason the parent should respond with a smile and speech to the baby's smiling and vocalizations and react cheerfully to the baby's happy mood and consolingly to the bad feeling. source? Interaction skills develop as follows: first smile around 6 weeks around 6 weeks the first tears A 6-8 week old seeks eye contact 2-3 months of gurgling and gurgling 3-4 months is interested in other children A 4-month-old can already laugh out loud A 5-6 month old babbles to familiar people, to himself and to toys A 6-9 month old has an alienation phase, when the baby is afraid of strangers and separation from loved ones A 7-9 month old baby uses more gestures: stretches out his hands, points to objects around 9 months of age, object permanence develops, meaning that this age group understands that things exist around 9 months old, many understand their first words around 10 months old responds to a parent's hug by hugging

Motor development

A child's motor development is very individual and it is influenced not only by circumstances and heredity, but also by the child's temperament. At first, the child cannot move by himself. First, he learns to raise his head and limbs, then to turn, later to crawl and crawl, to sit and stand, and finally to walk. source?

Development of gross motor skills

Gross motor skills develop as follows: At the age of 0–4 weeks, the baby raises its head when lying on its stomach. At the age of 4–9 weeks, the baby holds its head up when lying on its stomach. At the age of 2–3.5 months, the baby supports his head if he is pulled by the hands to sit. At the age of 3.5–5 months, the baby raises its upper body and head while supporting its elbows. At the age of 4–6 months, the baby turns from its back to its stomach. At the age of 5–7 months, the baby can stand on its feet when it is lifted up. At the age of 6–8 months, the baby crawls and sits unsupported on the floor. At the age of 7–10 months, the baby sits up by itself, crawls and stands up against support. At the age of 7–16 months, the child stands supported. At the age of 7–17 months, the child walks with little or no support.

Development of fine motor skills

The development of fine motor skills begins already in the womb, when the fetus begins to move its upper limbs. This is how fine motor development continues after birth: 0–3 months The baby practices eye and head control, follows objects with his eyes and raises his head for a moment. Motor skills of the upper limbs develop. The hands open into fists and the baby reaches out and tries to grab objects. Start practicing kicking with your legs at the same pace. 3–6 months The baby learns to observe the movements of his hands, the baby grasps the outstretched object with the hand that is closer to the object. The baby takes into account, among other things, the shape and size of the object. The baby puts his hands in his mouth. 6–9 months The cooperation of the baby's hands develops and becomes stronger