World Health Organization

Article

October 18, 2021

The World Health Organization (WHO) is a United Nations organization focusing on human health, founded in Geneva on April 7, 1948. At its initiative, World Health Day is celebrated every year on April 7. The mission of the World Health Organization is to ensure good health for all. The organization’s charter defines health as a complete state of physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease. Its main task is to combat diseases, especially major communicable diseases. The World Health Organization coordinates international efforts to combat SARS, malaria and AIDS, among others, and develops vaccines. In addition, it has projects to reduce smoking, for example. The WHO uses a six-point scale to assess the pandemic risk of viral diseases of animal origin.

Action

Administration

The decision-making body of the World Health Organization is the World Health Assembly, which is attended by delegations from member countries. The meeting has a specific pre-determined health agenda. The main purpose of the meeting is to define the operating principles of the organization, appoint the director general, supervise the financial activities and approve the budget. The Executive Board of the Organization consists of 34 technically qualified members elected for three-year terms. The annual meeting is held in January, when members decide on the agenda for the decision-making body meeting. In May 2017, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus from Ethiopia was appointed WHO Director General. His predecessor was Margaret Chan from Hong Kong, who started on November 9, 2006 and was appointed in May 2012 for a five-year extension that ended on June 30, 2017. source more precisely?

Operating principles

The starting point of the World Health Organization is the organisation's own definition of health. Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. The fundamental rights of every human being, regardless of race, political opinion, religion or economic or social status, should include the highest attainable standard of health. The health of all people depends on peace and security and thus also depends on the cooperation of the individual and the states. Health promotion inequalities in development in different countries is a common danger. The possibility of a harmonious life is extremely important for the healthy development of children. Dissemination of medical and psychological knowledge is important for achieving health. Publicly informed opinions and active cooperation are quite relevant for human health. Source more precisely?

Ethical principles

As a specialized agency of the United Nations, the World Health Organization is committed to ethical principles, including independence and impartiality from external sources and authorities, and respect for the dignity, equality and diversity of all human beings.

World Health Day

World Health Day will be celebrated worldwide on April 7 to raise awareness of health issues. WHO then organizes global and local events related to the respective topic. World Health Day is one of the eight official WHO global health campaigns. The other seven are International Tuberculosis Day, International Vaccine Week, International Malaria Day, International Tobacco Day, International AIDS Day, International Blood Donation Day, and International Hepatitis Day. In 2017, the theme of Health Day was depression. The WHO’s goal was to increase awareness of depression and thus reduce stigma

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