American Democratic Party
The Democratic Party of the United States, or Democrats or Dems, is one of the political parties in the United States. The other is the Republican Party. Supporters of Andrew Jackson founded the Democratic Party around 1828 and it is today the oldest active political party in the world.Internationally, Democrats have represented outward-looking politics.
There are several dissenting factions within the party, although since the New Deal, the party has profiled itself in the United States as a social-liberal party advocating for labor rights.
In 2018, the party has partly become more left-wing. For example, Senator Bernie Sanders is inspiring the party in the direction of democratic socialism. According to the White House Council of Economic Advisers, socialism is making a comeback to U.S. politics, with those who have declared themselves socialists gain support in Congress and among voters.
The Democratic Party considers itself inherited from the Democratic-Republican Party of the late 18th century, which opposed central government and pushed the states to the greatest possible powers. The Democratic Party was officially founded in 1828. In the 1828 election, the troops of presidential candidate Andrew Jackson left nothing to chance. The election campaign, with its election tours, advertising slogans and posters, was the first presidential election campaign to be considered modern. Jackson’s opponents twisted his name under the nickname Jackass (“Donkey”), but Jackson turned it in his favor too and embraced the donkey as part of his campaign catalog. Later, the donkey became the emblem of the entire Democratic Party.
Change of supportership since the 1960s
Supporters of the party have traditionally been Catholics, the reformist working population in the northeast of the country, and conservative Protestants in the south. During the term of Lyndon B. Johnson in the 1960s, Democrats began to actively support black civil rights, which is why Democrat support in the old southern states has dropped by half since the 1950s. At the same time, however, the support of Democrats in cities and among blacks living in the north has grown.
The Democratic Party allowed blacks to participate in its party meetings since 1924. In the 2010s, the party has become more left-wing than it was in the 1990s but also more diverse. Behind it was the trade union movement and low-income people, but with the civil rights struggle of blacks in the 1960s, the vast majority of blacks and Latinos moved to the Democrats and white Republicans in the South. There are educated liberals on the coasts. Of the supporters, blacks and Latinos are conservative.
The turn of the 1970s abortion
Republican presidential candidate Barry Goldwater was a staunch supporter of the Planned Parenthood, an abortion-based sexual health organization. Reagan and President Nixon also promoted abortion, and George H. W. Bush wanted a more tolerant approach to abortion. 68% of Republicans and 59% of Democrats considered the abortion decision to be a matter between a woman and her doctor in 1972. In January 1973, the Roe-Wade case ruled that banning abortion was unconstitutional by a vote of 7-2. This made the subject a moral dividing line, with Republicans beginning to tactically oppose abortion and Democrats advocating. Indeed, key Democrats who opposed abortion, such as Ted Kennedy and Al Gore, became supporters of abortion. This new division is still in force.
Universal transition of the uneducated to the right
In the West, in 1970, both educated and high-income people voted for the right clearly more often than the left. In 2010, both the uneducated and the high-income voted for the right clearly more often than the left. This is the case in both (majority) bipartisan countries and s