England rugby union team
The England rugby union team is the team representing England in major international rugby union competitions, the World Cup and the Six Nations Championship. Sponsored by the English Rugby Federation or Rugby Football Union (RFU), it is considered one of the best national teams in the world by its record. In particular, it has won the Tournament 39 times, including thirteen Grand Slams, as well as the World Cup in 2003. It is therefore the only European team to have won a Rugby World Cup. As of October 28, 2019, it is in first place in the ranking of national rugby union teams, it gives up this place a few days later after its defeat in the World Cup final.
Rugby Union is a popular sport in England. The England team, nicknamed the XV de la Rose, competes each year in the Six Nations Tournament against the best European teams. She also regularly tours to compete against the best teams in the Southern Hemisphere, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand and tries every four years to win the major trophy, the World Cup.
The English play in white with a rose over their hearts. They have played at home at Twickenham Stadium since 1910.
Origin of rugby and first international meeting
According to a tenacious legend, rugby union dates back to the gesture of William Webb Ellis, who, in 1823, during a football match, would have seized the ball with both hands while playing at the College of Rugby. Former pupils of many private schools (and in the first place that of Rugby) spread the game in the first half of the 19th century. It finds its place in universities and in clubs in London and the provinces.
The foundation of the Blackheath club, which is decisive in the genesis of the game, dates from 1858. This club joined the Football Association (FA) in 1863 then, after seven years of cohabitation with footballers, left the FA to found a federation which regulates the game by hand: on January 26, 1871, the Rugby Football Union was born.
The England rugby team's first international match was against Scotland on Sunday, March 27, 1871. It was not only England's first match, but also the first international match ever played. Scotland won the game 1-0 in front of 4,000 people. The match is played at Raeburn Place, a cricket stadium located in Edinburgh. It is contested by two teams of twenty players, in two halves of 50 minutes. The Scots won the match by a try and a goal against a try for the English (only goals scored counted on the scoreboard, at the time). The first test in history is thus written by the Scotsman Angus Buchanan; the first point by William Cross, who transforms it. On the English side, the first test entered is the work of Reg Birkett.
British Dating and Falling Out (1870-1889)
The rematch between the teams of Scotland and England takes place, on the ground of the latter, at the London Oval. England won the match by 2 to 1. The English scored three tries, a conversion and a penalty, and the Scots scored a drop goal. The first English international point was scored on this occasion by Francis Isherwood, who converted one of his team's three tries. The next game between the two nations took place at Hamilton Crescent in Glasgow, it ended in a goalless draw. The two nations met again a year later, on Monday February 23, 1874, the meeting ended in a 1-0 English success.
Ireland made their international debut when they met England in 1875, a game that ended in a loss.