Czech national football team
The Czech Football Team (Česká fotbalová reprezentace) is the national team that represents Czechia in international men's football competitions, under the aegis of the Czech Football Federation. It consists of a selection of the best Czech players.
It appears following the break-up of Czechoslovakia in 1993, at the same time as the Slovakian team. The Czech Football Federation then became the assignee of the Czechoslovak Football Federation. It thus inherits, in agreement with the parties concerned, the seat of member of the former federation in FIFA and UEFA, which makes the Czech selection the main heiress of the Czechoslovakian selection.
Finalists for Euro 1996, the Czech selection occupied 33rd place in the FIFA World Ranking in March 2022.
Football in Bohemia and then in Czechoslovakia
In the 19th century, the region that corresponds to the current Czech Republic was known as Bohemia, or Bohemia-Moravia: it was a province of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In the 1890s and 1900s, football began to arrive in central Europe, notably affecting Austria-Hungary. Nevertheless, at the sporting level, Bohemia acquired a certain autonomy: the Bohemian-Moravian Football Federation (Českomoravský fotbalový svaz) was founded in 1901, and was affiliated to FIFA in 1907, a team of Bohemia and Moravia was set up , in the surroundings of Prague, it plays, between 1903 and 1908, seven friendly matches, against Hungary and England.
After the First World War, Bohemia was integrated into the new Czechoslovakia, which played its first match in 1920, during the Olympic Games. In the 1920s, Czechoslovak football developed, especially more on the Czech side, the first professional clubs in the country were Czech, and the most feared clubs of the time were in Prague. The first World Cups generalized the popular enthusiasm of the Czechoslovakian selection, with an average of 30,000 spectators, and a return as heroes for the players, mainly Czechs, after the lost final of 1934.
During the Second World War, the country was occupied, then dismantled by the Germans, who annexed the Sudetenland, accepted the creation of a (theoretically) independent Slovak state, and established a Protectorate of Bohemia-Moravia. This puppet state had its own football team, which only played three times, in 1939.
Czechoslovakia was reconstituted after the Second World War, and regained its status as a major nation in European and world football from the 1950s. Czechoslovakia, now a popular democracy, was once again a finalist in the Football World Cup in 1962 and won the title of European football champion in 1976 at the expense of the FRG. The Czechoslovakian game had a reputation for being solid and built. Although the clubs were not always really taken seriously, the national team was formidable and feared.
The beginnings of the Czech Republic (1994-1996)
The team of Czechia and the team of Slovakia, resulting from the bursting of Czechoslovakia in 1993, succeed the team of Czechoslovakia. Although Czechoslovakia ceased to exist as a federal state on January 1, 1993, the Czechoslovak national team, suspended, was maintained until November 1993, at the end of the current competition in which it was engaged: it had in fact already started qualifying for the 1994 FIFA World Cup. of the group, a place