1066

Article

October 19, 2021

This page concerns the year 1066 of the Julian calendar.

Events

January 6: Harold II is elected king of England to the detriment of Edgar Atheling (end of reign on October 14). February 3: Rostislav (in), prince of Tmoutarakan, is poisoned by a Byzantine agent. March 20: observation of Halley's comet. June 27: martyrdom of the deacon of the cathedral of Milan Ariald de Carimate; the Pataria movement obtained from Pope Alexander II the excommunication of the Archbishop of Milan Guido da Velate (it) for simony, which caused a strong stir in Milan. Ariald is driven out of the city, captured and taken to an island in Lake Maggiore where he is tortured and mutilated, then thrown into the lake. His body reappeared intact ten months later, on May 3, 1067. The Milanese gathered around the body of the martyr and the knight Erlembald (in) took the head of the Patarins movement. July 13: Henri IV of the Holy Empire marries Berthe of Turin in Tribur. He initiates divorce proceedings in 1069 August 12: William the Conqueror gathers his fleet on the Dives. August 24: consecration by Théoduin de Bavière, bishop of Liège, in the presence of Libert, bishop of Cambrai, of the church of Notre-Dame de Huy, rebuilt, after its destruction in 1053 by the count of Flanders Baudouin V le Pieux ( v. 1012-1067). August 26: the city of Huy (present-day Belgium) obtains the first charter of communal freedoms granted in Western Europe, granted to thank the inhabitants for their contribution to the reconstruction of the Church of Notre-Dame. September 12: the Norman fleet is in Saint-Valery. September 20: Battle of Gate Fulford, first battle for the throne of England, Edwin, Earl of Mercia and Morcar, Earl of Northumbria are defeated by the Norwegians of Harald Hardrade, his Scottish allies and his Flemish mercenaries. The city of York is taken by the victors. September 25: Battle of Stamford Bridge, second battle for the throne of England, King Harold II defeats the Norwegians. Tostig (Toste), brother of Harold II and King Harald Hardrade of Norway are killed in battle. Beginning of the reign of Magnus II (1066-1069), kings of Norway. He associates with the throne his brother Olav III Haraldsson Kyrre (the Quiet) (end of reign in 1093). September 27: William the Conqueror's fleet embarks for England. September 28: William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, lands in England with 500 ships and 8,000 men, in Pevensey Bay. September 28: William is in Hastings October 1: Harold II must fall back to the south. October 6: Harold II is in London, which he leaves on the 11th. October 14 (Saturday): William defeats and kills Harold II at the Battle of Hastings (Battle of the Gray Apple Tree). October 21: Guillaume occupies Dover. October 29: Guillaume occupies Canterbury December: Guillaume marches on London which he encircles. He sacked the country, forcing the Anglo-Saxon nobles to surrender. December 11: death of Conan II of Brittany. Hoël, son of the Count of Cornouaille Alain Canhiart, became Duke of Brittany through his marriage to Havoise (ended in 1084). December 25: William the Conqueror is crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey by the Anglo-Saxon Archbishop Stigand (end of reign in 1087). He shares the domains that were without lords with his vassals and allies. The primitive form of vassalic regime (Anglo-Saxon thegns) is replaced by a feudalism in the service of the monarchy: all land belongs to the king by right of conquest and therefore any fief depends on the king and the barons, who directly hold their lands from the king , do not act as a screen between the king and their own vassals. December 30: Granada massacre. In Spain, the Jewish vizier of Granada Joseph, son of Samuel Ha-Naguid, is assassinated by Muslims. The Jewish community of Granada is massacred. The survivors disperse

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