November 30, 2021
This page concerns the year 1177 of the Julian calendar.
June 1: Shishigatani's plot against the Taira in Japan fails. Relations between retired Emperor Go-Shirakawa and the Taira clan are very strained, and the former emperor attempts a coup to overthrow Daijō-daijin (Prime Minister) Taira no Kiyomori.
August 1: arrival of Philippe de Flandre in Acre. The kingdom of Jerusalem is threatened, after the retreat of the Byzantines in Asia Minor in the north and by the land and sea raids of the Ayyubids in the south. Requests for help from the West bring to the Holy Land a group of knights under Philip of Flanders, an ineffective crusader, eager above all to intervene in the quarrels over power. He returned to Flanders in October 1178. 25 November: in the Latin East, victory of the Franks of the Kingdom of Jerusalem against an army of Saladin at the battle of Montgisard. Baldwin the Leper, king of Jerusalem, concludes a truce (ended in 1179).
Conflicts between the Khmers and the Chams, who sack the capital, Angkor after having ascended the Tonlé Sap lake: the first looting of Angkor.
January: defeat of the Birkebeiner at the Battle of Re, in the Vestfold. Magnus V of Norway eliminates the pretender to the throne Eystein Eysteinsson.
February 1, Ireland: The Norman knight Jean de Courcy, who left Dublin with 30 knights and 300 pedestrians, seizes Downpatrick, capital of the kingdom of Ulidia in Ulster. Soon after he built a castle at the site of Belfast.
March 10: Sverre Sigurdsson takes the title of King of Norway.
The synod of bishops of Norway is trying to impose a constitution and establish precise standards to deal with the issue of royal succession. But the disorders start all over again. Sverre Sigurdsson, a former priest pretending to the throne, takes the head of an outcast clan, the Birkebeiner ("birch legs"). He refused to accept political decisions taken under pressure from the Church and was proclaimed King of Norway in Nidarós in 1178.
July 12: King Henry II of England authorizes the creation of a Jewish cemetery in each city of the kingdom, outside the walls.
July 24: Frédéric Barbarossa and Pope Alexander III sign the Peace of Venice, consecrating the authority of the Pope, which grants a large pardon to schismatics (ratified on August 15). Barbarossa abandons his antipope and recognizes Alexander III but continues to control the episcopal elections in Germany and refuses to return to the papacy the inheritance of Mathilde of Tuscany. September 21: Alfonso VIII of Castile takes Cuenca.
September 27: Pope Alexander III sends a letter to King John, probably Ethiopian, whom he calls "King of the Indies".
September: letter from Raymond V of Toulouse to the Abbé de Cîteaux denouncing the progress of the Cathars.
Moscow is devastated by the Prince of Ryazan.
Mieszko III of Poland is deposed for despotism by the inhabitants of Krakow. His younger brother Casimir II the Just becomes Duke of Poland.
Beginning of the construction of the Saint-Bénézet bridge in Avignon (end in 1185).
Births in 1177
Death in 1177
Notes and references
The year 1177 on the site of the National Library of France Portal of the Central Middle Ages