January 11


January 23, 2022

January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 354 days left before the end of said year, 355 when it is a leap year. It was usually the 22nd day of the month of nivôse in the French republican/revolutionary calendar, officially referred to as day of salt. January 10 - January 11 - January 12


1st century BC. -49: Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, thus triggering a civil war in Rome (and January 10).

4th century

381: the Roman emperor Theodosius welcomes the goth leader Athanaric who has come to submit to Constantinople.

6th century

532: the Nika sedition shakes the throne of Emperor Justinian in Constantinople.

11th century

1055: on the death of Constantin Monomakh, power returns to the new Byzantine Empress Theodora.

12th century

1158: Frederick Barbarossa crowns Prince Vladislav as King of Bohemia.

18th century

1790: treaty of union and establishment of the sovereign congress of the United Belgian States, following the Brabant Revolution. 1794: Battle of Grasla during the Vendée War. 1796: Battle of Romagné during the Chouannerie.

19th century

1805: The territory of Michigan is established by an act passed by the United States Congress. 1863: end of the battle of Fort Hindman. 1871: start of the Battle of Le Mans in France. 1879: start of an Anglo-Zulu war in southern Africa. 1890: a British ultimatum puts an end to the Portuguese ambition of the pink card within the framework of the partition of Africa.

20th century

1923: beginning of the occupation of the German Ruhr, one of the sanctions provided for by the Treaty of Versailles of 1919. 1942: Japanese occupation of Kuala Lumpur (Indian-Pacific War or World War II). 1944: execution of Galeazzo Ciano after the Verona trial. Publication in Morocco of the Manifesto of independence, vis-à-vis still occupied France. 1946: proclamation of the People's Socialist Republic of Albania. 1972: recognition of Bangladesh ex-East Pakistan by Pakistan. 1976: Alfredo Poveda takes power in Ecuador. 1983: Thomas Sankara is appointed Prime Minister of the Republic of Upper Volta, now Burkina Faso. 1991: The Red Army invades the Baltic States (beginning of the January Events). 1992: resignation of Algerian President Chadli Bendjedid. 2000: full amnesty for members of the Islamic Salvation Army in Algeria. Refusal by the United Kingdom to extradite Augusto Pinochet to Spain and judge Baltasar Garzón for official health reasons.

21st century

2013: the French army intervenes in the Malian conflict (Operation Serval) and takes the opportunity to free the hostage Denis Allex. 2015 : the "Republican March" in memory of the victims of the January 2015 attacks against Charlie Hebdo, a policewoman in Montrouge, a Hyper-Kosher store, and for the attachment to freedom of expression, brings together more than 4 million people in France including 47 government leaders from around the world in Paris. Former minister Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović wins the presidential election in Croatia. 2018: Antoine Delcour is acquitted by the Luxembourg Court of Cassation in a Luxembourg Leaks (or LuxLeaks) scandal. 2020: presidential, vice-presidential and legislative elections in Taiwan. Outgoing President Tsai Ing-wen is reappointed and her party retains the parliamentary majority rather against the mainland Chinese regime. In the Sultanate of Oman, Haïtham ben Tariq becomes sultan at the age of 65, succeeding his cousin Qabus ibn Saïd who died the day before, who reigned over the country for half a century.

Art, culture and religion

1697: publication of the tale Le Petit Chaperon rouge by Charles Perrault. 1732: first performance of Ezi

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