May 11


May 21, 2022

May 11 is the 131st day of the year of the Gregorian calendar, 132nd when it is a leap year (there are then 234 left). Its equivalent was usually 22 Floréal of the French Republican/Revolutionary calendar, officially referred to as Fritillary Day (flowering plant in the shape of a dice cone). May 10 - May 11 - May 12


4th century

330: Byzantium is renamed Nova Roma before finally being referred to as Constantinople after Emperor Constantine I and it officially becomes the capital of the Roman Empire with May 11 as the city's anniversary date (see below at the end).

10th century

912: Alexander is crowned emperor of the Byzantine Empire.

14th century

1310: in France, 54 members of the Order of the Temple are condemned to the stake for heresy. 1395: Gian Galeazzo Visconti receives the title of Duke of Milan, from Wenceslas of Luxembourg, sovereign of the Holy Roman Empire.

16th century

1502: Christopher Columbus begins his fourth and final voyage to the New World. 1517: Saint-Denis is jubilant, the day after the coronation in its basilica of Queen Claude (of France). 1573: Henri de Valois, the future king of France Henri III, is elected king of Poland.

17th century

1647: Pieter Stuyvesant arrives in New Amsterdam (now New York City), to replace Willem Kieft as director of New Holland, a Dutch colonial settlement in America. 1672: Louis XIV invades Holland (Dutch War). 1678: the French ships of Jean d'Estrées are shipwrecked off the Dutch island of Curaçao while trying to seize it.

18th century

1745: Battle of Fontenoy during the War of the Austrian Succession. 1792: Robert Gray is the first European to navigate the Columbia River. 1794: Battle of Kortrijk.

19th century

1809: end of the siege of Kufstein and battle of Lofer, during the Tyrolean rebellion. 1812: British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated by John Bellingham in the entrance to the House of Commons, London. 1813: In Australia, William Lawson, Gregory Blaxland and William Wentworth lead an expedition to cross the Blue Mountains, west of Sydney. This adventure paved the way for the exploration of the Australian interior throughout the 19th century. 1818: Jean-Baptiste Jules Bernadotte is crowned King of Sweden under the name of Charles XIV of Sweden. The Assembly of Year XIII approves the creation of a national anthem in Argentina. 1820: HMS Beagle sets out on a long journey around the world, bringing Charles Darwin on board. 1824: the British occupy Rangoon, capital of Burma. 1846: US President James K. Polk issues a declaration of war in Mexico City - which responds favorably - leading to the start of the Mexican-American War. 1849: after having invaded (it) Tuscany, the troops of the Austrian general Constantin d'Aspre take the city (it) of Livorno. 1857: Indian rebels snatch Delhi from the British (revolt of the sepoys). 1858: Minnesota becomes the 32nd state of the United States. 1860: Garibaldi and the Mille land in Marseille. 1862: The battleship CSS Virginia is scuttled, in the James River, northwest of Norfolk, Virginia (American Civil War). 1864: Battle of Yellow Tavern (Civil War); Confederate General Jeb Stuart is mortally wounded. 1867: signing of the Treaty of London and independence and neutrality of Luxembourg. 1868: promulgation of the liberal law on the press. 1880 Mussel Swamp Tragedy, California. During an armed confrontation, police officers acting under the orders of the Southern Pacific Railroad kill seven inhabitants who refuse to yield the