November 11th

Article

January 21, 2022

November 11 is the 315th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the 316th in the event of a leap year. There are 50 days left before the end of the year. It was usually the 21st day of the month of Brumaire in the French Republican/Revolutionary calendar, officially referred to as Bacchante Day.

Events

1st century BC. 43 BC J.-C.: second triumvirate of Roman governance sealed in Bologna with Octave the future first emperor Augustus by Marc Antoine and Lepide on the initiative of the latter after the assassination in -44 of (Julius) Caesar one of the three first triumvirs.

4th century

308: The Imperial Conference of Carnuntum brings together Diocletian, Galerius and Maximian Hercules, with the aim of restoring order to the Roman Empire. Maximian is forced to resign, and Licinius is named "Augustus", becoming Roman co-emperor.

15th century

1444: solemn return of the brand new Parliament of Toulouse, the first provincial parliament, created by Charles VII on the previous 4 June.

16th century

1572: appearance of the supernova SN1572, observed by the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe ("Science" section below). 1591: beginning of the siege of Rouen in the hands of the League, by the troops of the new King of France Henri IV, siege which will end on the following 21 April.

17th century

1620: arrival of the "Pilgrim Fathers" by the Mayflower, who approach the east coast of the future United States of America, at Cape Cod. 1630: day of dupes, 2nd act on Monday, between the Parisian Luxembourg Palace of Queen Mother Marie de Medici, as the day before, and Versailles. Between his mother, and his faithful adviser and minister Richelieu, the King of France Louis XIII decides: Queen Marie must leave the court, a decision which "dupes" the courtiers who had approached him, believing Richelieu soon to be disgraced. In his hunting lodge at Versailles, where the king usually receives only intimate friends and princes of the blood, he welcomes and comforts the cardinal with their emotions and in his functions. 1673: Battle of Khotin, in which Polish and Moldavian troops, commanded by Jean Sobieski and Étienne Petriceicou, disperse the Ottoman troops of Hussein Pasha.

18th century

1765: arrest of Louis-René Caradeuc de La Chalotais, Attorney General of the Parliament of Brittany.

19th century

1805: Battle of Durenstein. 1887: "Black Friday", the day when four anarchist militants were executed in Chicago, following the riots in Haymarket Square. 1889: Washington State becomes the 42nd in the United States.

20th century

1918: signing of the armistice of 1918, end of the First World War (beginning of the interwar period for historians). abdication of Grand Duke Frederick Augustus II of Oldenburg. Austrian Emperor Charles I signs his resignation from the throne, thus sealing the end of more than 600 years of Habsburg rule over Austria. 1919: "invention" of the minute of silence, for the first anniversary of the armistice. 1920: transfer of the heart of Léon Gambetta to the Panthéon in Paris. burial of the Unknown Soldier under the Arc de Triomphe de l'Etoile de Paris. 1923: Minister of War André Maginot lights the flame of remembrance for the first time, which symbolizes the tomb of the Unknown Soldier under the same Arc de Triomphe. 1940: demonstration by students at the Place de l'Etoile in Paris, to commemorate November 11, 1918 by singing "La Marseillaise", while the "north" and a "strip" of the western coast of France were occupied by German troops. 1942: Adolf Hitler chooses to invade and occupy the so-called free zone in France (Operation Anton). Turkey sets up the Varlık Vergisi, a tax aimed at non-Muslims, and sends the tens of thousands of people concerned unable to pay into forced labor. 1943: the maquis of Ain and Haut

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