October 11 is the 284th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the 285th in the case of a leap year. There are 81 days left until the end of the year.
It was generally the twentieth day of the month of Vendémiaire in the French Republican / Revolutionary calendar, officially called the press day.
October 10 - October 11 - October 12
1443: creation of the Parliament of Toulouse by the King of France Charles VII.
1533: The 18 galleys of Pope Clement VII enter the port of Marseille, at the approach of the marriage of the youngest son of the King of France Francis I, the future Henry II, with a young Medici relative, named Catherine, of the said born pope himself Medici.
1540: great ceremony in Brussels, during which the Germanic Emperor and King of Spain Charles V gives the Duchy of Milan to his son the Infant Philippe, a duchy that recent treaties and truces intended for the King of France François Ier.
1573: battle of Zuiderzee.
1648: Georges II Rákóczy becomes prince of Transylvania.
1746: Battle of Rocourt (War of the Austrian Succession), victory of the French over the Allies.
1797: Battle of Camperdown (Coalition War), British naval victory over the Dutch fleet.
1805: the French, commanded by Pierre Dupont de l'Étang, defeat the Austrians, commanded by Karl Mack, at the battle of Haslach-Jungingen.
1899: start of the Second Boer War, in South Africa.
1942: Allied victory at the Battle of Cape Esperance (Second World War).
1949: Resolution No. 77, of the United Nations Security Council, on armaments, their regulation and reduction.
1997: victory of Paul Biya, in the presidential election of Cameroon.
2002: Myyrmanni suicide bombing.
2015: Alexander Lukashenko is re-elected President of the Republic of Belarus.
2017: the Sophia robot is introduced in the United Nations.
2018: The Patriarch of Constantinople revokes the decree that placed the Ukrainian Orthodox Church under the direct tutelage of the Patriarch of Moscow in 1686.
in Northern Cyprus, a state recognized only by Turkey, the first round of the presidential election takes place in order to elect the president of the state. Outgoing President Mustafa Akıncı comes in second behind Prime Minister Ersin Tatar, the two of them being on the run.
in Lithuania, the first round of parliamentary elections takes place in order to elect for four years the 141 deputies of the 8th legislature of the Seimas. The second round will take place on October 25, 2020. The results in the majority electoral districts are very similar to those of the previous elections, with barely 3 out of 71 seats won in the first round, and a favorite position of the TS-LKD in the majority of ballot ridings.
in Tajikistan, the presidential election takes place in order to elect the country's president. Outgoing President Emomalii Rahmon, in power since 1992, unsurprisingly wins the ballot with over 90% of the vote.
2021: in Austria, Alexander Schallenberg becomes Federal Chancellor, two days after the resignation of Sebastian Kurz.
Arts, culture and religion
1231: Pope Gregory IX instructs Conrad of Marburg to set up, throughout the Germanic Empire, instances of the Inquisition Tribunal.
1614: in Paris, inauguration of the Pont Marie by the young king of France Louis XIII, between the Île Saint-Louis and the right bank of the Seine, 2nd oldest bridge in Paris still existing at the beginning of the 21st century, the last first built with houses and shops on it.
1898: Jean Jaurès publishes The Evidence.
1924: opening of the Surrealist Research Office