October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the 286th in the case of a leap year. There are 80 days left before the end of the year.
It was generally the twenty-first day of the month of Vendémiaire in the French Republican / Revolutionary calendar, officially called hemp day.
October 11 - October 12 - October 13
633: decisive Gallo-Mercian victory, at the Battle of Hatfield Chase.
900: coronation of Louis III the Blind as King of Italy.
1398: signing of the Treaty of Salynas.
1427: battle of Maclodio.
1428: start of the siege of Orleans, during the Hundred Years War.
1492: landing of Christopher Columbus, on present-day San Salvador.
1748: Battle of Havana, during the Jenkins Ear War.
1787: Suvorov's victory at the Battle of Kinburn, during the Russo-Turkish War of 1787-1792.
1789: during the French Revolution, the Constituent Assembly decides to transfer its seat from Versailles to Paris, a few days after the same was done with regard to the royal family.
1793: capture of Noirmoutier by the Vendéens, during the Vendée war.
battle of Nicopolis. The French troops and the Greek population of the city of Preveza (Epirus), French possession since the Treaty of Campo-Formio, are massacred by Ali Pasha de Janina.
Battle of Toraigh Island.
Beginning of the peasants' war, in the united Departments.
1799: Jeanne Labrosse is the first woman to perform a parachute jump, invented by her husband.
1810: marriage of the future King Louis I of Bavaria with Princess Thérèse of Saxe-Hildburghausen. It is on this occasion that the first beer festival in Munich will be created, on the following October 17.
1822: Peter I proclaims himself Emperor of Brazil.
1915: the British nurse and spy Edith Cavell is executed in Brussels by the Germans (first world war, death below).
1929: signing of the Warsaw Convention.
1940: creation of the Warsaw ghetto.
1942: American victory, at the Battle of Cape Hope, during World War II.
1951: death of Simon Kimbangu, after 30 years in prison in Elisabethville, in the Belgian Congo.
1960: Inejirō Asanuma is killed with wakizashi, by Otoya Yamaguchi.
1964: coup d'état against General Nguyên Khanh, the army takes power in South Vietnam.
1968: independence of Equatorial Guinea.
1971: start of the celebration of the 2,500th anniversary of the founding of the Persian Empire.
1984: Brighton (England) attack by the Provisional Irish Republican Army.
military coup in Pakistan.
Symbolic birth below (world demographics) in Sarajevo.
2000: attack on the USS Cole.
2002: attacks in Bali.
2008: Lithuanian referendum on the construction of a new nuclear power station.
2012: The European Union receives the Nobel Peace Prize, awarded by the Norwegian committee which rewards “more than six decades of promoting peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe”, and elsewhere.
2014: Evo Morales is reelected President of Bolivia.
2017: the United States announces its withdrawal from Unesco, accusing the organization of being "anti-Israel". In accordance with the statutes of the organization, this measure will take effect on December 31, 2018. However, the country will still be represented at the headquarters of the organization, since it will retain observer status. A few hours later, Israel in turn announced its withdrawal from the organization.
2018: in the Czech Republic, day 1 of the second round of senatorial elections.
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