1305

Article

July 3, 2022

This page concerns the year 1305 of the Julian calendar.

Events

Major drought in France. February 15: Reconciliation between King Birger of Sweden and his brothers Erik and Valdemar Magnusson at the Peace of Kolsoeter. April 4: on the death of his mother Jeanne Irede Navarre, queen of Navarre since 1274, Louis le Hutin, heir to the crown of France, becomes king of Navarre under the name of Louis I of Navarre. April 5: assassination of Roger de Flor, leader of the Almugavars, in Adrianople, at the same time as one hundred and thirty Almogavar leaders. Massacre of the Aragonese and the Catalans in Constantinople following the Almugavare crisis. May 19: Treaty of Elche between the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon. June 5: the archbishop of Bordeaux, Bertrand de Got is elected pope in Pérouse under the pressure of Philippe le Bel under the name of Clement V, the papacy will settle in Avignon until 1376. He is the first to a series of French popes, up to Gregory XI (Pierre-Roger de Beaufort), who died in 1378. June 7: victory of the Almugavars of Gallipoli over the Byzantines. Having received no pay from Byzantium, the Almugavars, based in Gallipoli, led by Berenguer d'Entença on the death of Roger de Flor, entered into a long revolt which ruined the Byzantine Empire (ending in 1311). June 21: on the death of Wenceslas II of Bohemia, his son and successor Wenceslas III, aged 16, proposes to make peace with the Empire. Ladislas I Lokietek, Duke of Cujavie, takes advantage of the situation and seizes Krakow. June 23: Treaty of Athis-sur-Orge. Lille, Douai and Béthune pass to the royal domain. June 29: Nallo Trinci, leader of the Guelph party, takes power in Foligno by force and takes the title of gonfalonnier. The Trinci family governs the city until 1439. July 24: the Ilkhan of Persia Oldjaïtou begins to build a new capital, Sultâniyé, whose location had been designated by Arghoun (end in 1306). August 5: Scottish Rebellion leader William Wallace is captured by the army of Edward I of England. He was executed on August 23. August 8: Wenceslas III of Bohemia cedes Pomerania of Gdańsk to the margraves of Brandenburg, to ensure their support, in exchange for the Meissen region. August 18: Peace signed in Nuremberg between Emperor Albert I of Habsburg and the young King Wenceslas III of Bohemia. September 23: Louis le Hutin, son of the King of France Philippe IV le Bel and of the Queen of Navarre Jeanne Ire, wife of Vernon Marguerite of Burgundy, daughter of the Duke of Burgundy Robert II and Agnès of France. October 5: Wenceslas III marries Viola Elizabeth of Cieszyn. That same month he signed a treaty with Otto III of Bavaria by which he ceded all his claims to Hungary. November 14: during the coronation of Clement V in Lyon, a balcony overloaded with curious people collapses in front of the Pope's passage, killing 12 and injuring many. Duke Jean II of Brittany and the pope's brother, Gaillard de Got, are mortally wounded. November 18: Arthur II (1262-1312) becomes Duke of Brittany on the death of his father. December 6: King Wenceslas III abdicates in Hungary. Otto III of Bavaria succeeded him by adopting the name of Béla V. Beginning of the reign of Mamadou Keita (Mohammed ibn Gao), king of Mali (end in 1310). Beginning of the magisterium of Foulques de Villaret, Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes (end in 1319).

Births in 1305

Died in 1305

Notes and References

External links

The year 1305 on the website of the National Library of France Late Middle Ages Portal