May 13

Article

May 23, 2022

May 13 is the 133rd day of the year of the Gregorian calendar, 134th when it is a leap year (there are then 232 left). Its equivalent was usually 24 Floréal of the French Republican/Revolutionary calendar, officially referred to as Valerian Day, a family of flowering plants. May 12 - May 13 - May 14

Events

17th century

1610: coronation in the basilica of Saint-Denis in the north of Paris of the Italian wife of the King of France Henri IV Marie de Médicis who opposes the royal project to go back to war against Spain, preferring a alliance of the two French and Spanish Christian kingdoms. Henri IV was assassinated the following day, May 14. 1648: start of the parliamentary rebellion in France.

18th century

1779: signing of the Treaty of Teschen, between Prussia and Austria, ending the War of the Bavarian Succession. 1793: Battle of La Châtaigneraie, during the Vendée War.

19th century

1809: Battle of Wörgl, during the War of the Fifth Coalition and the Tyrolean Rebellion. 1830: Ecuador gains independence from Gran Colombia. 1848: First performance of Finland's national anthem, Maamme. 1864: Beginning of the Battle of Resaca, during the North American Civil War. 1871: the new unified Italian State grants the Pope certain guarantees after the annexation of his States, by a law of Guarantees. 1888: Promulgation of the Golden Law in Brazil, abolishing slavery.

20th century

1931: Paul Doumer is elected President of the French Republic. 1940: Winston Churchill's speech “I have nothing else to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat”. 1943: End of the African, Middle Eastern and Mediterranean campaigns of World War II. 1948: Kfar Etzion massacre orchestrated by the Arab Legion on Jewish colonies. 1952: opening of the first session of the Rajya Sabha in India. 1958: coup d'etat and establishment of the public safety committee in Algiers. 1967: Zakir Hussain becomes President of India. 1968: in France, large demonstration and beginning of a general strike which will paralyze the whole country, highlight of the events of May 68. 1981: attempted assassination of Pope John Paul II hereafter. 1993: Beginning of the hostage-taking of the kindergarten in Neuilly.

21st century

2005: Andijan massacre in Uzbekistan. 2008: Jaipur attacks in India. 2011: attack in Shabqadar in Pakistan. United Nations Security Council Resolution No. 1981 on the situation in Côte d'Ivoire. 2018: a referendum on a railway infrastructure project is rejected in Slovenia but its quorum of participation is not reached.

Arts, culture and religion

1820: premiere of Carl Maria von Weber's opera Der Freischütz. 1917: first apparition of the Virgin Mary in Fátima, a small village in central Portugal, to three children: Francisco Marto, his sister Jacinta, and their cousin Lucie dos Santos. 1928: laying of the first stone of the Church of Our Lady of the Rosary in the Sanctuary of Fátima. 1946: The statue of Our Lady of Fatima is officially crowned by the papal legate, Cardinal Benedetto Aloisi Masella. 1967: Pope Paul VI celebrated Mass (in Portuguese) at the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fátima, Portugal. Among others present, in the grandstand, were the parents of the two sighted children then deceased, Francisco Marto and Jacinta Marto, as well as Lucie dos Santos. 1981: attempted assassination of John Paul II in St. Peter's Square in Rome. The day of the attack being the same as the day of the apparition of the Virgin of Fátima, which was to be mentioned in his address to the audience, John Paul II attributes his miraculous survival to the intervention of the Virgin of Fátima, and he thinks that this attack corresponds to the one mentioned in