October 13 is the 286th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the 287th in the case of a leap year. There are 79 days left until the end of the year.
It was the 22nd day of the month of Vendémiaire in the French Republican calendar, officially called the day of fishing (the fruit).
October 12 - October 13 - October 14
54: Nero accedes to the Roman imperial throne due to the death of his predecessor Claudius below on the same day.
1307: arrest of all the Templars in France.
1332: Rinchinbal Khan becomes khagan of the Mongols and emperor of the Yuan dynasty, for a reign of 53 days.
1515: Treaty of Viterbo, between Pope Leo X and the new king of France François Ier.
1534: election to the pontificate of Paul III.
1837: capture of Constantine.
1923: in Germany, vote of extended powers for Chancellor Gustav Stresemann.
1946: adoption by referendum of the constitution of the Fourth Republic in France.
1956: resolution 118 of the United Nations Security Council, on the requirements for the settlement of the Suez affair.
1961: assassination of Prince Louis Rwagasore, a politician who was Prime Minister of Burundi, a few months before the country obtained independence.
1977: Lufthansa Flight 181 is hijacked by four hijackers claiming to be part of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.
1990: end of the war in Lebanon.
1992: Leonid Kuchma takes office as Prime Minister of Ukraine.
2006: birth of the Islamic State in Iraq.
2016: Death of the King of Thailand Rama IX, the longest serving head of state, after a reign of 70 years, 4 months, and 4 days.
in Côte d'Ivoire, municipal and regional elections.
in the Czech Republic, day 2 of the second round of senatorial elections.
in Poland, parliamentary elections take place to renew the two chambers of the Polish Parliament, the Diet (in Polish: Sejm) and the Senate.
In Tunisia, in the second round of the presidential election, the victory of Kaïs Saïed is confirmed. He won the vote with 72.71% of the vote.
Arts, culture and religion
1890: premiere of Macbeth, op. 23, symphonic poem by Richard Strauss, in Weimar.
1917: 6th and last of the Marian apparitions of Fátima, with the astronomical phenomenon called the miracle of the sun.
1930: official recognition by the Catholic Church of the Marian apparitions of Fátima.
1985: concert of at least 80 French-speaking “Singers Without Borders” volunteers for Ethiopia in famine, at La Courneuve north of Paris under the aegis of singer Renaud in the presence of 15,000 spectators.
1988: Naguib Mahfouz receives the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1994: Kenzaburo Oe receives the Nobel Prize for Literature.
2006: Pope Benedict XVI receives the 14th Dalai Lama, Buddhist spiritual leader in exile from occupied Tibet, as part of a "private meeting, courtesy, with religious content".
2016: Bob Dylan receives the Nobel Prize for Literature.
2019: canonization of Blessed Cardinal John Henry Newman by Pope Francis.
Science and technology
1775: creation of the United States Navy.
Economy and society
1946: the French approve by referendum the draft Constitution establishing the Fourth Republic, which will be promulgated on the following October 27.
1499: Claude de France, queen of France, wife of François I and daughter of Louis XII († July 20, 1524).
1513: Sagara Haruhiro daimyo of the Sengoku period († August 28, 1555).
1682: Catherine Opalinska, queen of Poland, wife of Stanislas Leszczinski and stepmother of Louis XV († March 19, 1747).
1698: Giacomo Ceruti, painter