1806

Article

October 28, 2021

This page concerns the year 1806 of the Gregorian calendar. The year 1806 is a year of the Christian era. In France, January 1 marks the reestablishment of the vulgar era, with the abandonment of the republican calendar by Napoleon I. For the philosopher Alexandre Kojève, this year marks the end of history.

Events

Africa

January 8, Cape Colony: Dutch defeat at the Battle of Blaauwberg, near Cape Town, South Africa. January 18: capitulation of General Jan Willem Janssens. Cape Town definitely becomes a British colony. The missionaries of the L.M.S. (London Missionary Society) incite the Dutch-Hottentot half-breeds to found, under their control, Grika republics in the vicinity of the Vaal and Orange rivers, which runs counter to the racial conceptions of the Boers. Dutch settlers occupy a small area, bounded to the north by the Kalahari Desert and to the east by the Fish River. With them live a few Hottentots and a large minority of Dutch-Hottentot mestizos. The development of the British colony of Cape Town is a source of conflict with the Boers. March 13: English naval victory over France at the Battle of Cape Verde. May 22: Amaro José and João Baptista's expedition, which started in 1802, leaves the court of Mwata Kazembe with permission to cross the kingdom (1806-1814). They manage for the first time to cross the continent and reach Angola in Mozambique, at the cost of detention for several years. September 26: Reunion becomes Bonaparte Island. The king of Ouadaï Abd el-Kérim invaded Baguirmi at the call of the rebellious Boulala. He plundered the capital Massénia and killed the mbang Abd er-Rhamane. After a few months of anarchy, he put Ousmane Bourkoumanda, a son of Abd er-Rhamane, on the throne, obliged to pay tribute to Ouadaï and Bornu (reign from 1807 to 1846). Feudal revolts in the Mossi kingdom of Yatenga (Burkina Faso) following the death of sovereign Naba Kango, who had consolidated the country's forces by opposing the Bambara's push to the east. Led by the Nakomsé, these revolts begin the decline of the kingdom of Yatenga. Victory of the Ashanti of Osei Bonsu over the Fanti in Abora. The British offered their mediation, but were swept away by the Ashanti who invaded Anomabu (June 1807) and the entire coast as far as Winneba.

America

February 6: English naval victory over France at the Battle of San Domingo. April 18: Nicholson Act (Non-Importation Act). First US sanction against the British who seize US ships bound for Europe under the maritime blockade. June 27: first British invasion of the Río de la Plata. An expeditionary force landed on June 25 takes Buenos Aires. August 3, La Vela de Coro: failure of the separatist uprising in Venezuela led by Creole Francisco de Miranda, supported by the United Kingdom which intends to obtain trade facilities with Latin America. August 12: British surrender in Buenos Aires following the intervention of popular militias formed by Liniers. October 17: assassination of Jacques Ier (alias Jean-Jacques Dessalines), Emperor of Haiti since 1804.

Asia

January 20: birth of Lungtok Gyatso, the ninth Dalai Lama, enthroned on November 10, 1808 (completed in 1815). February: the Wahhabis take Mecca and Jeddah. July 3, Russo-Persian war: capture of Derbent. Conquest of Ossetia and the khanates of Quba, Baku and Derbent by the Russians. July: Nguyên Anh proclaims himself Emperor of Vietnam under the name of Gia Long, with the investiture of China. It creates absolute power, very centralized. He removed the last vestiges of feudalism and reformed the army, higher education and administration. August: coronation of Ang Chan II, king of

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