1894

Article

July 5, 2022

1894 is a common year starting on a Monday.

Events

Africa

January 19, Wadi Halfa: border incident. The khedive of Egypt Abbas Hilmi II incites the Egyptian troops to criticize their commander-in-chief, the British Kitchener. He thus encouraged resistance to the British occupation. Threatened with dismissal, the khedive must finally accept the return of Nubar Pasha as head of government (April 16). January 25: the Force Publique of the Congo Free State seizes Kabambare, henceforth ensuring almost complete control of the territory following the campaigns against the Arabo-Swahilis. January 26: the King of Abomey Béhanzin submits after two years of struggle. He was deported to Martinique, then to Algeria where he died in 1906; on January 15, Goutchilli (Agoli-Agbo) is crowned king. February 12: capture of Timbuktu by the French. Leaving Sansanding, the reinforcement column commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Étienne Bonnier was to arrive on January 10 in Timbuktu. On the 14th, it was attacked by the Tuareg at Takoubao, near Goundam, who destroyed it. Commander Joffre restored the situation on January 20. He reached Niafunké and inflicted a bloody defeat on the Tuaregs a few days later. In Timbuktu, Joffre built Fort Bonnier and built fortifications at Kabara, Korioumé and Goundam. Then he launches expeditions against the various factions that participated in the fight of Takoubao, forcing them to officially submit. Joffre leaves Timbuktu on July 10, after having firmly established the control of the French army over the city and its surroundings. April 1: creation of the Malagasy Protestant Church Tranozozoro Antranobiriky. April 11: British protectorate over Buganda (effective June 18). Thanks to British intervention, Toro (Uganda) and Buganda were able to annex a large part of Bounyoro. May 12: Great Britain made an agreement with Belgium whereby Leopold II of Belgium would cede the eastern strip of Congo to it in exchange for a lease on the Sudanese provinces of Bahr el-Ghazal and Equatoria. The British would thus have a territory in one piece, from Egypt to the Cape. The German and French protests cause the contractors to back down. On August 14, the King of the Belgians renounces his domination over the two Sudanese provinces. May or June: Rabah founds in Bornou a new capital named Dikoa. He is at the peak of his power. June 7: death of Sultan Hassan I of Morocco. His eldest son having been disinherited, the young Abd al-Azïz, aged 14, succeeded him under the regency of the Grand Vizier Ba-Ahmed (end of reign in 1908). Ba-Ahmed pursues the policy of balance between the European powers (end of the regency in 1900). June 17: the Germans occupy the triangle of Quionga, in the north of Mozambique (1894-1918). June 22: decree creating the colony of Dahomey with Victor Ballot at its head. June 23: Beginning of a campaign against black doctor John Farrell Easmon, appointed chief medical officer in Gold Coast. He was finally suspended from his post in 1897.July 10: Arthur Donaldson Smith, who left London on June 1, left Berbera at the head of an expedition to Lake Rodolphe and Borana (1894-1895). July 17: the Italians of Eritrea take Kassala from the Mahdists. August 6, Cape Colony: the Glen Gray Act becomes law. A Native Reserve Commission is responsible for allocating land in Southern Rhodesia. Reserves are created for the black population. In 1914, 24,870,000 acres comprised 104 reserves for 834,000 Africans, of whom about 500,000 actually lived on these reserves; 22,000,000 acres are given to white settler businesses and families; 48,000,000 acres are reserved for the BSAC.September: th