1906

Article

May 23, 2022

1906 is a common year starting on a Monday.

In brief

April 7: the Algeciras Conference, in other words the Algeciras Accords. April 18: San Francisco earthquake. December 30: liberal constitution in Persia following the constitutional revolution.

Events

Africa

January 16 - April 7: the Algeciras conference settles the rights to Morocco between France, Spain, the United Kingdom and Germany. It gives satisfaction to France in the Moroccan affair. Theodore Roosevelt helps curb German ambitions in Morocco. The Algeciras Accords open Morocco to France and Spain. The independence of the Sultan and the integrity of Morocco are guaranteed, the Cherifian Empire remains open to businesses from all nations. France and Morocco are responsible for policing Moroccan ports. Surveillance of the borders with Algeria, supervision of the Moroccan police and the presidency of the Central Bank are entrusted to France. February 11: decree reorganizing the possessions of the French Congo and its dependencies. Creation of “Colony of Oubangui-Chari-Chad”. April 4: start of the rebellion of Bambatha and the Zulus in Natal (1906-1908). April 26-27: Thala-Kasserine affair. Troubles in western Tunisia at the instigation of a young marabout from Algeria; three French settlers are killed by Fréchiche rebels. The rioters attack the civil control of Thala the next day but are repelled by the colonists. May 25, Sudan: revolt of the population of Talodi who assassinates during a party 46 civil servants and soldiers, including the governor who wanted to abolish slavery. Arab riot after the release of hundreds of slaves, followed by brutal repression. May 26: Convention between the Holy See and the Congo Free State. It provides that each Catholic mission in the Congo must receive 100 ha of cultivable land free of charge and must have its own school. Private education dominates. June 10: the Bambatha rebellion is crushed at the Battle of the Mome Gorge, during which he himself is killed. July 17: the Indians are excluded from the lands of the Highlands in Kenya. September 11: Indian lawyer Mohandas Gandhi gathers 3,000 people at the Imperial Theater in Johannesburg to protest against the new law passed by the Transvaal Government which aims to register the entire Indian population. Gandhi puts his methodology of satyagraha (civil disobedience) into practice for the first time. October 28: founding of the Mining Union of Haut Katanga (UMHK). 31 October: founding of the Compagnie du chemin de fer du bas-Congo au Katanga (BCK). 5 November: founding of the SCOA (Commercial Company of West Africa). November 6: Foundation of the International Forestry and Mining Company of Congo (Forminière). December 11: Bangui becomes the capital of the colony of Oubangui-Chari-Chad. It expanded rapidly (53 inhabitants in 1889, 2,100 in 1911, 7,300 in 1921 and 22,000 in 1934). "Association of Mulattoes" of Angola.

America

February 26, Brazil: Taubaté agreement signed between the coffee producers of Sao Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro and the state governments, intended to “value” and support coffee prices, in the grip of an overproduction crisis, . April 18: San Francisco earthquake. June 1-6, Mexico: Cananea miners' strike; the clashes with the Rangers sent by the governor of neighboring Arizona left 23 dead and 22 injured on both sides. More than 50 people are arrested. July 21 - August 26: International Conference of American States in Rio de Janeiro. Extension of office prerogatives. Brazil sets up state intervention mechanisms