1914

Article

October 19, 2021

1914 is a common year starting on a Thursday.

In short

June 28: Sarajevo attack. July 28: start of the First World War.

Events

Africa

January: Holli revolt against the colonial administration in Dahomey, provisionally crushed on May 10; movement resumed after the arrest of a Holli on August 22, 1915; the main holli leaders, including Otoutou-Bi Odjo, were arrested on February 10, 1916. The revolt continued and many Hollis went into exile in Nigeria. April: plague epidemic in Cape Verde, then in Dakar, where residential segregation is imposed and Africans must concentrate in the Medina (end in January 1915). 10 May: Senegalese Blaise Diagne becomes the first African deputy to the Chamber of Deputies in France. August 5: French troops from the Congo attack and occupy Bonga and Zinga, ceded to Germany in 1911. Beginning of the Kamerun campaign (ending February 18, 1916). British, French and Belgians surrounded German territory and set up a maritime blockade. August 8: Hanging of king douala Rudolf Douala Manga Bell, accused of high treason by the Germans, while resisting the expropriation of the coastal lands of the Bell clan, in Kamerun. It is followed by several executions. August 13: the colonial government creates the Carrier Corps, responsible for mobilizing carriers in Kenya. Five units of 1,000 men each were recruited on September 11; on June 21, 1915, forced enlistment in the Carrier Corps was authorized by the colonial authorities. August 26: surrender of German Togo. Governor Hans Georg von Doering, sends telegrams to his counterparts in Dahomey, the Gold Coast and the AOF proposing the neutralization of Togo. They refuse, and Entente troops invade the protectorate. The German troops, caught in a vice, concentrated around Kamina to defend the radio station that allowed communications with the outside. They prefer to blow up the post rather than leave it to the Allies. On August 26, the whole of Togo surrendered. The French and the British share the territory during the Atakpamé conference on August 27. September 8: Louis Botha, supported by the Parliament, decides to engage the Union of South Africa in the First World War alongside the Britain. An attack by sea takes the ports of Lüderitz (September 18) and Swakopmund (January 14, 1915), in German South West Africa, where radio stations are located. Jointly, the ground troops advance towards the border. Afrikaners take a dim view of their country's support for the Allies. The rallying of officers and soldiers to the opposing camp, secessionist unrest in the Transvaal and the Orange, is delaying the South African army. This is made up exclusively of whites. Blacks are used for logistics. She fights in Namibia, East Africa and Europe. September 10: Bloody crackdown by the King's African Rifles of the Giriama tax revolt in Kenya. September 11, Kenya: German occupation of Kisii. The Gusii, converted to the Mumbo cult, looted the fort of Kisii after the British left for the front. September 15: Maritz rebellion; Colonel Boer Manie Maritz rebels and rallies the Germans in South West Africa, followed by officers like Koos de la Rey, Christiaan Beyers, Jan Kemp and Christiaan de Wet. September 26: German victory over the British at the Battle of Sandfontein, Namibia. September 27: capture of Douala by the Franco-British. October 13-14: the ports of Cameroon Victoria and Buéa fall into the hands of the Allies. German interior troops resist. October: Arrest of amenokal Fihroun, leader of the Tuareg Oulliminden.2

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