Article

November 30, 2021

1915 is a common year starting on a Friday.

In brief

April 24: start of the Armenian genocide. April 25: start of the Battle of the Dardanelles. June 23: Italian offensive on Isonzo begins.

Events

Africa

January 18: victory of the German army led by Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck over British troops at the Battle of Jassin in German East Africa. January 23: revolt in Nyasaland led by John Chilembwe against the English colonists. John Chilembwe is killed on February 3. February 13: circular for the launch of a program to strengthen food production in AEF, to feed the colonial troops engaged in Cameroon. February 13-14: Amenokal Fihroun, leader of the Tuareg Oulliminden, escape from his prison in Gao; he proclaims jihad; the revolt wins the Tuareg of Gourma, led by the marabout Mohammed Ahmed. February 23: start of the rebellion of the Bambaras of Bélédougou against conscription, led by Koumi Diossé around Kati. Commander Caillet's column needed a month of operation to defeat 4,000 to 5,000 rebels in Zambougou (March 6), then in Koumi (March 18-19) in Bélédougou. April 25 - 26: victory South African at the Battle of Gibeon in German South West Africa. April: Preacher William Wade Harris is expelled by the French governor of the Ivory Coast to Liberia. May 12: The South African Union army takes Windhoek, the capital of South West Africa. May 18, Kenya: Crown Lands Ordinance comes into force. It prohibits land transfers between people of different races and extends the term of leases that settlers can enjoy from 99 to 999 years. The same year, the Native Registration Ordinance introduced the pass system. May 25: arrest of Dipa Mangassa, leader of the rebellion of Bambaras and Kagoro of Goumbou against conscription in French Sudan. June 10: capture of Garoua in Cameroon, besieged since January 8 by Franco-British troops. June 22-23: The East African Germans are defeated by the British at the Battle of Bukoba. July 9: The South West African Germans surrender and the South Africans occupy the colony they hope to annex. 18 - 20 August: the ovambo insurrection is crushed by the Portuguese of General Pereira de Eça at the battle of Mongua in southern Angola. 25-26 August: inter-allied conference in Douala. Resumption of the offensive in Cameroon after the rainy season at the end of October. Yaoundé falls on January 1, 1916 September 23: the National School of Teachers in Gorée becomes the William Ponty School October 9: decree ordering the mobilization of 50,000 men in French West Africa November 16: start of the uprising of the Bobo and the Minianka of the circles of San and Koutiala against the French colonial administration, opposed to forced labor and compulsory conscription for European battlefields, which marks the start of the Bani-Volta war. The uprising was harshly suppressed and some Bobo leaders were hanged in Tominian in 1916. November: creation in France of a Service for the use of colonial products for National Defense. 4 December, Nairobi: adoption of the Compulsory Service Ordinance. Order authorizing recruitment by conscription in the British East African Territories. In 1916, West African troops (more than 10,500 men) will move to strengthen the eastern front. A total of 56,761 soldiers were recruited, assisted by 932,416 men in charge of logistics, including 691,278 porters. December 12-January 18, 1916: arrest of hundreds of nationalist militants of the Vy Vato Sakelika in Madagascar. December: start of the Tuareg revolt in Gourma (right bank of the Niger), joined

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