1924

Article

January 23, 2022

1924 is a leap year starting on a Tuesday.

In brief

January 21: Lenin dies. January 25: Franco-Czechoslovak alliance. July 5: Paulista revolt. July 24: Dawes plan. October 2: the protocol for the peaceful settlement of international disputes is adopted by the League of Nations. It was abandoned after its rejection by the British on March 12, 1925. October 13: Ibn Sa'ud's forces enter Mecca.

Events

Africa

January 1: the Kayes-Niger railway line is connected to Dakar. January 25: Renault launches an automobile expedition across the Sahara from Colomb-Béchar to Bourem, on the Niger. February 26: Henri Terrasson de Fougères is established as Governor of French Sudan, a position he has held ad interim since August 20, 1921 (end in 1931). April 8: Industrial Conciliation Act in South Africa (1924, 1937, 1956): laws on the employment of minors establishing quotas and jobs reserved for whites. May 22: creation in Paris of the Universal League for the Defense of the Black Race (Marc Tovalou-Quenum, known as Kodjo Houenou, and René Maran). June 17: defeat of the South African party in the South African General Elections against the coalition of the National Party and the Labor Party. June 30: James B. Hertzog becomes Prime Minister of South Africa and forms a coalition government (ending September 5, 1939). It leads a segregationist policy. October 15: letter from Father Dufontenyen, Redemptorist missionary, published in the Bulletin of the League for the Protection of the Evangelization of Blacks, who accuses the Kimbanguists of wanting to rid the Congo of the Belgian occupation; a press campaign was launched and led to the repression of Kimbanguism from 1925. October 28, Colomb-Béchar: start of the Black Cruise. Citroën launches an expedition in half-tracks between North Africa and Madagascar (ending June 26, 1925). Strike in the gold mines of Obuasi, in Ashanti country (Gold Coast).

America

February 28: Civil war in Honduras following the announcement by President Rafael López Gutiérrez to contest the 1923 elections and to remain in power until a new ballot is held. American intervention. An agreement was reached on April 28 with American mediation. March 1: Nixon Nitration Works disaster in Edison, New Jersey. March 17: American intervention in Honduras. Tegucigalpa was occupied on March 19 by 167 marines and 9 officers disembarked to protect the American legation. April 23: Inauguration of the French exhibition at the Grand Central Palace in New York by Jean Jules Jusserand. May 7: Peruvian in exile Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre founds the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana, APRA) in Mexico City around the problems linked to land grabbing by the latifundia and the question of the place of the Indians. July 5, Brazil: Paulista revolt. The economic crisis leads to a large military revolt, which starts in São Paulo then spreads in the country and leads to 6 months of popular unrest. July 6: Plutarco Elías Calles is elected President of the Republic of Mexico; he took office on December 1 (end in 1928). July 12: Horacio Vásquez is elected president of the Dominican Republic. August 20: The Victoria-Vélez Treaty delimits the border between Colombia and Panama. September 4, Chile: Ruido de Sables. At the call of President Alessandri, the army imposes a timetable of reforms on Congress, then seizes power on September 11 (September Junta, end January 23, 1925). September 18: end of the first occupation of the Dominican Republic by the United States. November 4: Republican Calvin Coolidge is re-elected President of the United States. Asia and Paci

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