1943

Article

October 28, 2021

1943 is a common year starting on a Friday.

In brief

January 14: Casablanca conference. February 2: Soviet victory at the Battle of Stalingrad. February 18: Sportpalast speech by Joseph Goebbels May 12 - 27: Trident conference. May 27: creation of the CNR (National Council of the Resistance) July 5 - August 23: Battle of Kursk. August 7 - October 2: Battle of Smolensk. August 17: Quebec conference. September 2 - 9: Start of the Italian campaign. October 18 - November 11: Third Moscow Conference. On October 30, the Moscow declaration lays the foundation for the UN. November 22: Cairo conference. November 28: Tehran conference. Reversal of the situation for the benefit of the Allies in the Far East.

Events

Africa

January 14: Opening in Anfa of a conference between Churchill and Roosevelt, which decides that the Allies will land in Italy in 1943 and in 1944 in France. Germany, Italy and Japan will have to surrender unconditionally. January 23: Montgomery's troops capture Tripoli, after a three-month advance of 1,800 km from El-Alamein. January 26: Montgomery's troops form the junction with the French column of General Leclerc, who took control of the Italian Fezzan. February 10: manifesto of the Algerian people who demand an Algerian constitution and government (Ferhat Abbas). February 14, Tunisian campaign: violent Italo-German counter-offensive in Tunisia against the Allies. After a few victories (Sidi Bouzid, Kasserine) the German push was contained at the end of the month (Sejnane). March 6: Operation Capri failed, German counterattack in Tunisia. March 9: Rommel is recalled to Germany. General von Arnim succeeds him as head of the Afrikakorps. March 10: Battle of Ksar Ghilane in Tunisia. March 13-14: Italian submarine Leonardo da Vinci of the Marconi class sinks the liner Empress of Canada off Freetown in Sierra Leone, 392 dead. March 18: liberation of Gafsa, in Tunisia. March 16 - 23: Operation Pugilist fails against the Mareth Line in southern Tunisia. March 23: Battle of El Guettar in Tunisia April 12: Liberation of Sousse, Tunisia. April 27: General Giraud agrees to share with De Gaulle the leadership of the executive constituted in Algiers. May 6, Tunisia: The French take Pont-de-Fahs. On May 7, American troops entered Bizerte and British troops entered Tunis. May 13: major defeat of the Germans and Italians in Tunisia against the allies (250,000 prisoners). General von Arnim capitulates. May 30: de Gaulle arrives in Algiers and starts political negotiations with Giraud the next day. June 3: creation of the French National Liberation Committee (CFLN) co-chaired by De Gaulle and Giraud. The Allies recognize it on August 3. July 7: South African elections. The Smuts government is renewed. July 31: new division of executive power: Giraud will be in charge of military affairs, De Gaulle reserving general policy for himself. August 23: strike by dockers from Dar es Salaam in Tanganyika September 17: the CFLN creates a Consultative Assembly which will be made up of members of the Internal Resistance, the External Resistance and former elected officials of the Third Republic. It meets in Algiers on November 3. October 2: end of the CFLN co-presidency. De Gaulle wins over Giraud in Algiers. October: famine of Ruzagayura in Ruanda-Urundi which would have left more than 300,000 dead (end in December 1944). November 22-26: Cairo conference, which brings together Churchill, Roosevelt and Tchang Kaï-shek. The Allies pledge to intervene against the Japanese in Burma. It is decided that Japan will have to return after the defeat all the conquered territories. 12 December: in its speech from Constantine (Algeria),

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