1952

Article

October 28, 2021

1952 is a leap year beginning on a Tuesday.

In short

January 17: disorders in Tunisia against the French authorities (1952-1954). February 6: death of King George VI of the United Kingdom; his daughter succeeds him on the throne under the name of Elizabeth II. February 18: Greece and Turkey join NATO. February 20 to 25: Lisbon conference convened to stop NATO's rearmament program. April 9: start of the revolution of the left forces in Bolivia (1952-1964). July 23: start of the Egyptian Revolution. September 10: The Federal Republic of Germany and the State of Israel sign the agreement on German reparations in favor of Israel in Luxembourg. October 20: state of emergency in Kenya; start of repression of the Mau Mau revolt. November 10: Resignation of UN Secretary-General Trygve Lie. December 12: World Congress of Peoples for Peace, in Vienna, by the World Peace Council.

Events

Africa

January 17, Tunisia: riots in Bizerte following the ban on the Neo-Destour congress. Resident General Jean de Hauteclocque had Bourguiba and the Neo-Destour leaders arrested on the 18th. The UGTT called a general strike (January 22). In response, the foreign legion combs Cape Bon (January 28-February 1). The resident demands from Lamine Bey the resignation of the government in which the Neo-Destour participates. The bey not obeying, the resident arrested Prime Minister Chenik and three other ministers on March 26. On March 28, Lamine Bey signed the decree appointing Slaheddine Baccouche as grand vizier. A wave of arrests is sweeping the country. The nationalists take the maquis (fellagas) and their terrorism confronts the terrorism of European secret organizations (the Red Hand). July 26 and August 24, Kenya: Jomo Kenyatta denounces during public meetings in Nyeri and Kiambu the revolt of the Mau Mau (Kenya Land and Freedom Army), a politico-religious sect which is opposed by terror to the presence of whites, caused by the inequality in the distribution of land and responsibilities at the beginning of the year. On August 17, the acting governor submits a report to the Colonial Office denouncing the gravity of the situation in Kenya. September 9: in a letter addressed to President Vincent Auriol, the Bey of Tunis rejects the political reform plan proposed by France. September 15: Muslim Eritrea, an Italian colony since 1890, is federated with Ethiopia, a Coptic Christian, as an autonomous region following a UN decision in 1950. October 20: A state of emergency is declared in Kenya. Nationalist leader Jomo Kenyatta is imprisoned (1952-1961). Violent repression by the British, causing around 15,000 deaths (1952-1955). 5 December: Secretary of the Tunisian General Labor Union, Farhat Hached, is assassinated by the Red Hand with the complicity of the police. The bey refuses to collaborate with the resident general and initiates a seal strike. December 7 - 8: Serious riots in Casablanca, Morocco on news of the assassination of Farhat Hached. The resident general dissolves the Istiqlal and apprehends its leaders. December 15: the Labor Code for Overseas Territories is voted in France.

America

February 14: Saint-Valentin massacre in Guadeloupe. The CRS shoot at strikers in Moule, killing 4 and wounding 14. March 1: A collegiate executive takes office in Uruguay. March 10: In Cuba, coup d'etat by Fulgencio Batista, who seizes power after promising free elections to contain social movements and the discontent of the army, which is forced to suppress strikes. He himself was overthrown by Fidel Castro during the Cuban revolution in January 1959. April 9: coup d�

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