1960

Article

January 21, 2022

1960 is a leap year starting on a Friday.

In brief

May 1: U-2 incident. May 16: failure of the Paris summit conference. July 4: Beginning of the Congolese crisis. September 20: the fifteenth version of the United Nations General Assembly opens with the accession of thirteen new States which gained their independence during the year (Cyprus, Togo, Cameroon, Madagascar, Somalia, Congo-Léopoldville, Congo -Brazzaville, Dahomey, Upper Volta, Ivory Coast, Chad, Gabon, Central African Republic Senegal and Mali will be admitted on September 28 and Nigeria on October 7. October 12: heated debate at the UN General Assembly. To protest against the intervention of the Philippine delegate who equates the countries of Eastern Europe with colonies of the USSR, Khrushchev kicks his shoe on the table. November: Sino-Soviet split. Relations between the two countries are deteriorating due to an ideological disagreement on the interpretation of Marxism, especially with regard to revolution in developing countries. December 13-14: signing of the Paris Convention. The OEEC becomes the OECD. December 14: UN declaration on the granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples. Three billion people on the planet.

Events

Africa

January 1: independence of Cameroon. January 6: Modibo Keïta, who came on an official visit to Dahomey as president of the federal government, was greeted with stones in Ouidah by a hostile population. Visit of British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan to Africa. He is visiting Ghana (January 6-11), Nigeria (January 11-18), Central African Federation (January 18-27) and South Africa (January 27-February 6). 9 January: start of construction work on the Aswan dam. January 11: Lake Munkamba convention. Agreement between the Luluwa and Baluba-lubilanji tribes, in the Belgian Congo, after three months of war. January 20 – February 20: Belgo-Congolese round table where Congolese and Belgian representatives set the next steps for the independence of the Belgian Congo, at the Palais des Congrès in Brussels. Refusal of the nationalists to accept the parliamentary system proposed by the Belgians. They ask for independence, which the metropolis accepts. On January 27, the date of independence is set for June 30. 23 - 30 January: 2nd Conference of African Peoples in Tunis. January 24 - February 1: in Algeria, "barricade week" in Algiers after the dismissal of General Massu (January 19. A shooting leaves 20 dead. February 3: Wind of Change, speech delivered by British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan to the South African Parliament in Cape Town, which announces the end of the British Empire and condemns the policy of apartheid in the name of the “wind of change” which is “raising national consciousness” throughout the African continent. February 13: France explodes gerboise bleue, its first atomic bomb at Reggane, in the Sahara. Morocco vigorously protests. It is followed by white jerboa (April 1) and red jerboa (December 27). February 21: a new constitution is adopted in Cameroon by referendum with 60% of the vote. It is promulgated on March 4. February 29: A magnitude 6.7 earthquake kills more than 12,000 people in Agadir, Morocco. February: two members of the Mauritanian National Union are arrested for having advocated the union of their country with the Federation of Mali. March 3-5: three-day inspection trip to Algeria by General de Gaulle. During this "meals tour", he declared that the Algerian question could only be settled after the victory of the French armies. March 21: riots and massacre of Sharpeville, near

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