1962

Article

November 30, 2021

1962 is a common year starting on a Monday.

In short

January 29: the Geneva conference on disarmament is adjourned. It resumes on March 14, without France. March 14: opening in Geneva of the work of the Committee of Eighteen Powers on disarmament. March 18: Evian accords granting independence to Algeria (effective July 5). April 5-8: Libya and Indonesia join OPEC at the organization’s fourth conference in Geneva. September 18: 17th UN General Assembly. Admission of Jamaica, Rwanda, Burundi and Trinidad and Tobago. Algeria is admitted on October 5, Uganda on October 25. October 11: opening of the Vatican Council II. October 16-28: Cuban missile crisis. November 5: The UN Political Committee declares itself in favor of stopping all nuclear tests as of January 1, 1963.

Events

January 1: Creation of La Brest Business School

Africa

January 12: resumption of negotiations between Mali and France in Paris. They define French economic, financial and cultural cooperation between the two countries and end with a series of agreements signed in Matignon and Bamako. January 19: ban of opposition parties in Chad except the Chadian Progressive Party. January 30: the 16th session of the United Nations puts the question of Angola on the agenda. The representatives of African states unanimously condemn the actions of Portugal. start in Tanganyika (Tanzania in 1964) of a strange epidemic of laughter that lasts 6 months. February 14-April 6: Lancaster House conference, conference on the Constitution of Kenya chaired by Secretary of State for Colonies Reginald Maudling. March 1: Uganda’s internal autonomy, following unrest. March 4: Caledonian Airways flight 153 crashes shortly after takeoff in Douala. March 27: UPA becomes National Front for the Liberation of Angola; on April 3, the leader of the Angolan nationalists Roberto Holden forms in Leopoldville a provisional government of the Republic of Angola (GRAE, Revolutionary Government of Angola in exile). May 12: Treaty establishing the West African Monetary Union (WAMU). June 20-25: foundation of FRELIMO, Front for the Liberation of Mozambique by Eduardo Mondlane in Dar-es-Salaam. June 30: Modibo Keïta withdraws Mali from the franc zone and creates the Malian franc and an issuing institute. Night of June 30 to July 1: Amílcar Cabral's PAIGC isolates the southern part of Portuguese Guinea (Guinea-Bissau) by a series of sabotages that trigger an exodus of Portuguese civilians. In December, the war of liberation is definitively installed (end in 1974). July 1: Independence of Rwanda and Burundi granted by the Belgian colonial Empire. Ethnic unrest in Rwanda (1962-1964). July 20: Malian traders, worried about the risk of currency depreciation, cause serious incidents in Bamako, sparking counter-demonstrations and leading to 91 arrests, including that of Fily Dabo Sissoko and Hammadoun Dicko, sentenced to death for "attempted coup d ' 'State', then pardoned in October. August 5: arrest of Nelson Mandela by the South African government. September 7: in Ghana, members of the CPP offer the life presidency to Kwame Nkrumah, who refuses on October 2. On September 11, the National Assembly passed a resolution calling for a one-party system; opposition to Nkrumah intensifies and bombings are carried out in Accra. On September 22, a state of emergency and a curfew were declared. October 5: adoption of the law on preventive detention in Tanganyika. October 9: Uganda gains independence from the British Empire within the Commonwealth (repub

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