1964

Article

October 28, 2021

1964 is a leap year starting on a Wednesday.

In short

March 23 - June 15: the first UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) brings together 123 States in Geneva (Switzerland). France, in favor of raising world prices for raw materials to set up an aid fund for developing countries, opposes the United Kingdom, which advocates lowering tariffs on products manufactured by Third World countries; the French project fails. March 31: military coup in Morocco. April 20: agreement to reduce the production of fissile material by the United States, the United Kingdom and the USSR. May 4: opening in Geneva of the Kennedy Round, the first round of GATT negotiations. Lowering of customs barriers (end of June 30, 1998). August 31-September 9: Meeting in America of the 3rd International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy. September 25: start of the war for independence in Mozambique. 5 - 10 October: the conference of the non-aligned in Cairo brings together representatives of 47 countries. November 24 - 26: Operation Red Dragon against the "Simba rebellion" in Stanleyville.

Events

Africa

Night of December 31, 1963 to January 1: the attack on the Kiyaka agronomic station south of Kikwit marks the start of the Mulelist rebellion in Kwilu (Congo-Leopoldville). On January 19, it spread to the areas of Idiofa and Gungu. On January 21, a state of emergency was declared. January 4: David Dacko is re-elected President of the Central African Republic. January 5: the Constitution of the Second Republic of Dahomey is approved by referendum; Sourou Migan Apithy was elected president on January 19. Justin Ahomadegbé becomes Prime Minister. January 12: Revolution in Zanzibar which overthrows Arab hegemony. January 16-21: Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai visits Bamako. January 20: mutiny by the Tanganyika Rifles, stationed near Dar es Salaam, followed by similar movements in Uganda on the 23rd and in Kenya on the 24th. British troops intervened on January 25 to curb the movement. Night of January 22 to 23: attack on the Kilembe mission by the Mulelist rebels; three Belgian missionaries are killed. January 24-31: The Convention People's Party (CPP) becomes single party in Ghana after a referendum. February 6: An armed border conflict begins between Ethiopia and the Somali-backed Ogaden Liberation Front. A ceasefire was concluded on February 15, but the next day, using the pretext of Ethiopian incursions on 12 points of the border, the Somali army broke the truce by bombing the border town of Ferfer and failed to take Dolo. February 17-18: military coup in Gabon against President Léon Mba, who is arrested. A provisional government chaired by Jean-Hilaire Aubame is formed, with the participation of Paul Gondjout. On February 19, France intervened militarily to put Leon Mba back in power. February 20: border agreement between Algeria and Morocco; a 14 km demilitarized zone is created between the two states. March 14: verdict of the Rabat trial in Morocco; 11 UNFP members arrested in July 1963 and accused of conspiring against state security were sentenced to death, 8 of whom in absentia, 35 were acquitted and the others sentenced to prison terms. On August 19, the three prison sentences were commuted to life imprisonment by the king. March 15: Central African legislative elections. March 30: Khartoum accords between Somalia and Ethiopia establishing a demilitarized zone between the two countries. End of the first conflict for the possession of the Ogaden. April 10: agreement between France and Algeria unilaterally fixing the number of

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