1967

Article

January 21, 2022

1967 is a common year starting on a Sunday.

In brief

January 27: international agreement on space, entered into force on October 10 of the same year in the form of a treaty. March 18: sinking of the Torrey Canyon, first major oil accident. May 15: End of the Kennedy Round under the GATT. Fifty nations representing 80% of world trade reach an agreement overnight. The final act was signed on June 30 in Geneva by 46 countries. It decides to lower customs tariffs from 36% to 39% for certain industrial products. June 5-10: Six Day War. July 6: Biafran War.

Events

Africa

January 13: Colonel Gnassingbé Eyadema's coup in Togo. February 5: TANU adopts the Arusha program (Arusha Declaration) launched by Julius Nyerere in Tanzania for agricultural development. He advocates agricultural reform through “villageization”; in this version of “African-style socialism”, industrialization was to be achieved in a second stage, thanks to the profit of the primary sector and without recourse to external debt. The number of villages rose from 1,200 (500,000 inhabitants) in 1970 to 8,216 (13,905,000 inhabitants) in 1979. February 15: financial agreement between Mali and France. February 28: Theophilus Dönges is elected President of the Republic of South Africa, but suffers a cerebral hemorrhage, does not have time to take the oath and take office. Jozua François Naudé takes over on June 1. March 17: The All People's Congress, the opposition party of Siaka Stevens wins the first general elections in Sierra Leone. March 19: Léon Mba is re-elected President of Gabon. He died in France on November 28 and Vice-President Albert-Bernard Bongo took power. March 21: Military coup by Brigadier David Lansana in Sierra Leone. He was deposed on March 23 in a counter-coup led by a group of armed officers under the banner of the National Reformation Council (ending April 1968). April 17: creation of the Popular Movement of the Revolution, single party of the Democratic Republic of Congo, then Zaire, with the Manifesto of N'sele, party charter promulgated on May 20. April 21: discovery of diamonds in Orapa, Botswana. May 5: the persistence of serious economic difficulties in Mali, agreements made in February with France, which envisages Mali's eventual re-entry into the West African Monetary Union, lead to a 50% devaluation of the Malian franc, to a when the balance of payments shows a deficit of 7.5 billion Malian francs. France undertakes to support the Malian currency and the IMF grants significant credit. May 26: General Yakubu Gowon, Head of State of Nigeria, divides the federation into twelve states to break the hegemony of the North, which is divided into six units. The Igbos (Ibo), who had ruled the eastern region until then, found themselves cut off from the sea and the oil fields. May 30: separatist attempt in Biafra, eastern part of Nigeria. The Igbos, led by General Ojukwu, proclaim the secession of the Republic of Biafra. Beginning of a thirty-month war. June 24: following a referendum, the Constitution of the Second Republic of Congo-Kinshasa, known as the “Revolutionary Constitution”, is promulgated. It defines a unitary state with a presidential regime and a unicameral parliament. July 5-November 5: revolt of mercenaries in Kisangani in Congo-Kinshasa. July 6: Biafran War. The federal government of Nigeria reacts to the secession of Biafra by declaring war and organizing a blockade. The situation is complicated by the intervention of foreign countries whose arms sales fuel the conflict. Biafra is supported by France,

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