1970

Article

November 30, 2021

1970 is a common year starting on a Thursday.

In brief

January 15: end of the Biafra war. March 5: entry into application of the treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, signed on July 1, 1968 by Richard Nixon and Leonid Brejnev, but without France. March 20: the Niamey conference (Niger), which brings together 21 states, creates the Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation (Agence francophone). April 22: First Earth Day event. April 29: American intervention in Cambodia. September 8-10: third conference of the non-aligned in Lusaka (Zambia). September 17-27: Black September. December 10: Nobel Peace Prize awarded to American Norman Borlaug; Louis Néel and Hannes Alfvén share the Nobel Prize in physics.

Events

Africa

January 5: Houphouët-Boigny VI government in Ivory Coast. January 9, Biafra War: Nigerian troops take the capital of Biafra, Owerri. On January 11, after the capture of the Uli-Ihiala airfield, a ceasefire was signed. January 12: Biafra, affected by famine, must capitulate (officially January 15). The victory of the central government of Nigeria, operated without reprisals against the Igbo population, materializes in a strengthening of federal power. January 30: coup d'état in Lesotho; after losing the elections on January 27, Prime Minister Joseph Leabua Jonathan declares a state of emergency, suspends the constitution and has opposition leaders arrested. On January 31, the king of Lesotho Moshoeshoe II was placed under house arrest and on April 3 went into exile in the Netherlands, while his wife Mamohato assumed the regency. February 26: constitutional reform in Senegal, adopted by referendum on February 22 . A post of Prime Minister is created, occupied by Abdou Diouf (end in 1980). March 2: proclamation of the Republic in Southern Rhodesia. March 26: Bantu Homelands Citizenship Act in South Africa. The Bantustans take the name of homelands. This 1970 law lost South African citizenship to blacks. March 28: Ahmadou Ahidjo, the only candidate, is re-elected president of Cameroon. April 22: sixth consecutive victory for the national party in the South African elections; John Vorster remains Prime Minister of South Africa. June 7: Cameroonian legislative elections. June 11: evacuation of foreign bases in Libya July 7: King Hassan II announces the end of the state of emergency in Morocco. July 22: meeting in Dar-es-Salaam of Presidents Nyerere, Kaunda and Obote on the question of South Africa. August 19: land reform in the Central African Republic. August 21-28: Moroccan legislative elections held following the constitutional revision of July 31. September 14: agreement between Libya and the company Occidental Petroleum. Between September and October 1970, Gaddafi changed the terms of contracts with oil companies. He obtains higher prices, imposes control and limitation of production. October: Ugandan President Milton Obote, citing economic reasons, expels more than 30,000 Kenyans from his country. October 26: start of construction of a railway from Tanzania to Zambia (Tan-Zam) financed by Communist China (completed in 1975). November 4: during a press conference, Ivorian President Houphouët- Boigny evokes the holding of a summit conference of African States to consider practicing a policy of "dialogue" with South Africa. November 6: Hédi Nouira government in Tunisia. 22 November: landing in Guinea 350 mercenaries including 200 Portuguese and a hundred Guinean opponents to overthrow the regime of Ahmed Sékou Touré; the operation fails. November 29: Félix Houphouët-Boigny is re-elected president in Côte d'Ivoire

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