1973

Article

November 28, 2021

1973 is a common year starting on a Monday.

In short

January 1: Europe of the Nine in application of the Brussels Treaty. January 27: Paris peace accords, armistice agreements in the Vietnam War, which continued until the fall of Saigon on April 30, 1975. September 11: military coup in Chile. October 6 - October 24: Yom Kippur War or Fourth Israeli-Arab War. October 16 - 17: first oil shock resulting from the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The Arab member countries of OPEC (OPAEP) decide on a 70% increase in prices and a 5% monthly reduction in oil production until the evacuation of the occupied Palestinian territories. December 23: OPEC announces in Tehran the doubling of oil prices.

International relations

March 19: the Group of Ten decides to abandon the fixed exchange rates of different currencies against the dollar (Bretton Woods system); establishment of the floating exchange system. July 1: creation of the Trilateral Commission (United States, Western Europe, Japan) by David Rockefeller and Zbigniew Brzezinski with the aim of securing the partnership between these three groups of nations and promoting Western capitalism. 2-9 September: The 4th summit conference of the non-aligned movement in Algiers brings together 65 heads of state and 16 liberation movements. It calls for a new world economic order. September 12: Tokyo Round. On September 14, a declaration by GATT ministers meeting in Tokyo opens multilateral trade negotiations (ending April 12, 1979). October 16: the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to the American Henry Kissinger and to the North Vietnamese Le Duc Tho, who refuses it.

Events

Africa

January 20: assassination of Amílcar Cabral, leader of the PAIGC. January 26: Sampaio / Fernando case in Mozambique. Two priests, accused by the DGS of encouraging their parishioners on the road to separatism, are given suspended sentences. Father Telles Sampaio had in fact denounced in a sermon the destruction and extermination of the inhabitants of a village in Mucumbura in northern Mozambique by the Portuguese army. January 28: legislative and presidential elections in Senegal. Léopold Sédar Senghor is re-elected with 99.97% of the vote. February 25: Alfred Bongo is re-elected President of the Republic in Gabon. On September 30, he converted to Islam in Libreville and took the name of El Hadj Omar Bongo. April 12: the King of Swaziland Sobhuza II suspended the constitution of 1968 and granted himself full powers until his death in 1982. April 15: speech by Zouara. Muammar Gaddafi consolidates his power in the Libyan Arab Republic by decreeing a “popular revolution”. He asks for a “popular burst” against an administrative apparatus considered “anti-democratic” and accuses the single party (CCR) of “confiscating power”. Popular committees are created, the laws in force are suspended, the population is armed. On June 2, the popular committees took over radio and television; on June 11, the popular revolution won over education, agriculture and urban cultural centers. May 9-13: first conference of African ministers of finance and the economy in Abidjan, intended to take stock of "the first decade of development ”. It adopts an African declaration on cooperation, development and economic independence, approved at the OAU summit in Addis Ababa on May 26. May 10: creation of the Polisario Front which claims the total independence of the Spanish Sahara. May 18: Cameroonian legislative elections. May-June: Libya holds the Aozou strip (Chad) until 1989, claimed under the Franco-Italian agreement of 1935 June 29: renewal for five

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